theorists argue that much of our creativity involves extending what we already know.
Also, investigators found evidence that most, if not all, business students learned the importance of one of design thinking's cognitive aspects: abductive reasoning
, or the generation of ideas.
Unlike the traditional forms of reasoning, abductive reasoning
is not linear but lateral; it deals with patterns and relationships and accepts that all knowledge is open to doubt and revision and open to interpretations from different perspectives.
While abductive reasoning
can well serve all policy-relevant research, it may be particularly helpful in situations of complexity and diversity (Wolf 2002).
The process of choosing the most reasonable explanation from a field of explanations that might be offered is what philosophers call abductive reasoning
not only deduces a set of possible worlds that could exist based on the facts we have (i.
This system, from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, demonstrated the power of integrating multiple natural language processing techniques with abductive reasoning
to produce a final score almost twice that of the other 27 groups that participated in the testing.
Perhaps the single most important factor that sets visualization apart from other knowledge discovery methods is the connection to the expert as a rich source of interpretation for the uncovered structure, thus opening the way for abductive reasoning
to take place.