act

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Act

Something done; usually, something done intentionally or voluntarily or with a purpose.

The term encompasses not only physical acts—such as turning on the water or purchasing a gun—but also refers to more intangible acts such as adopting a decree, edict, law, judgment, award, or determination. An act may be a private act, done by an individual managing his or her personal affairs, or it may be a public act, done by an official, a council, or a court. When a bill is favorably acted upon in the process of legislation, it becomes an act.

act

1) n. in general, any action by a person. 2) n. a statutory plan passed by Congress or any legislature which is a "bill" until enacted and becomes law. 3) v. for a court to make a decision and rule on a motion or petition, as in "the court will act on your motion for a new trial."

act

(Enactment), noun acte, administration, bill, code, deed, dictate, edict, law, legislation, legislative decree, lex, mandate, ordinance, precept, prescript, règlement, resolution, rule, ruling, statute, written law
Associated concepts: Congressional act, legislative act
Foreign phrases: Actus legis nemini est damnosus.The act of the law shall prejudice no one.

act

(Undertaking), noun accomplishment, action, commission, course, dealing, deed, doing, effectuation, enterprise, execution, feat, implementation, manipulation, measure, method, move, operation, performance, perpetration, step, stratagem, task, transaction
Associated concepts: act in official capacity, act of bankkuptcy, act of commission, act of cruelty, act of embezzleeent, act of flight, act of God, act of infringement, act of innolvency, act of larceny, act of law, act of misfeasance, act of necessity, act of omission, act of ownership, act of provvdence, act of reckless disregard, act of violence, act of war, actus reas, judicial act, mala prohibita act, overt act
Foreign phrases: Actus me invito factus non est meus actus.An act done by me, against my will, is not my act. Actus not facit reum, nisi mens sit rea. An act does not render a person guilty, unless the mind is guilty. Idem est facere, et non prohibere cum possis. It is the same thing to commit an act as not to prohibit it, when it is in your power. Facta sunt potentiora verbis. Acts or deeds are more powerful than words.
See also: accomplish, amendment, canon, codification, commit, comport, constitution, course, demean, deport, dictate, directive, enactment, execute, exercise, fake, false pretense, function, imitate, law, legislation, measure, mock, officiate, operate, operation, palter, perpetrate, portray, prescription, pretend, procedure, proceed, regulation, represent, role, rubric, rule, scene, simulate, statute, step, substitute, transaction

act

1 the formally codified result ofdeliberation by a legislative body; a law, edict, decree, statute, etc. See ACT OF PARLIAMENT.
2 a formal written record of transactions, proceedings, etc., as of a society, committee or legislative body.
3 in Scottish practice an indication of the lawyer who represents the pursuer.

ACT, civil law, contracts. A writing which states in a legal form that a thing has been said, done, or agreed. In Latin, Instrumentum. Merl. Rep.

ACT. In the legal sense, this word may be used to signify the result of a public deliberation, the decision of a prince, of a legislative body, of a council, court of justice, or a magistrate. Also, a decree, edict, law, judgment, resolve, award, determination. Also, an instrument in writing to verify facts, as act of assembly, act of congress, act of parliament, act and deed. See Webster's Dict. Acts are civil or criminal, lawful or unlawful, public or private.
    2. Public acts, usually denominated authentic, are those which have a public authority, and which have been made before public officers, are authorized by a public seal, have been made public by the authority of a magistrate, or which have been extracted and been properly authenticated from public records.
    3. Acts under private signature are those which have been made by private individuals, under their hands. An act of this kind does not acquire the force of an authentic act, by being registered in the office of a notary. 5 N. S. 693; 8 N. S. 568 ; 3 L. R. 419 ; 8 N. S. 396 ; 11 M. R. 243; unless it has been properly acknowledged before the officer, by the parties to it. 5 N. S. 196.
     4. Private acts are those made by private persons, as registers in relation to their receipts and expenditures, schedules, acquittances, and the like. Nov. 73, c. 2 ; Code, lib. 7, tit. 32, 1. 6; lib. 4, t. 21; Dig. lib. 22, tit.. 4; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 2231 to 2254; Toull. Dr. Civ. Francais, tom. 8, p. 94.

ACT, evidence. The act of one of several conspirators, performed in pursuance of the common design, is evidence against all of them. An overt act of treason must be proved by two witnesses. See Overt.
     2. The terra. acts, includes written correspondence, and other papers relative to the design of the parties, but whether it includes unpublished writings upon abstract questions, though of a kindred nature, has been doubted, Foster's Rep. 198 ; 2 Stark. R. 116, 141.
     3. In cases of partnership it is a rule that the act or declaration of either partner, in furtherance of the common object of the association, is the act of all. 1 Pet. R. 371 5 B. & Ald. 267.
     4. And the acts. of an agent, in pursuance of his authority, will be binding on his principal. Greenl. Ev. Sec. 113.

ACT, legislation. A statute or law made by a legislative body; as an act of congress is a law by the congress of the United States; an act of assembly is a law made by a legislative assembly. If an act of assembly expire or be repealed while a proceeding under it is in fieri or pending, the proceeding becomes abortive; as a prosecution for an offence, 7 Wheat. 552; or a proceeding under insolvent laws. 1 Bl. R. 451; Burr. 1456 ; 6 Cranch, 208 ; 9 Serg. & Rawle, 283.
     2. Acts are general or special; public or private. A general or public act is a universal rule which binds the whole community; of which the courts are bound to take notice ex officio.
     3. Explanatory acts should not be enlarged by equity Blood's case, Comb. 410; although such acts may be allowed to have a retrospective operation. Dupin, Notions de Droit, 145. 9.
     4. Private or special acts are rather exceptions, than rules; being those which operate only upon particular persons and private concerns; of these the courts are not bound to take notice, unless they are pleaded. Com. 85, 6; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 105.

References in periodicals archive ?
Martin Dibelius, "The Speeches in Acts and Ancient Historiography," in Dibelius, Studies in the Acts of the Apostles, 138-85; Eckhard Plumacher, "Die Missionsreden der Apostelgeschichte in ihren Beziehungen zur hellenistischen Literatur," in Plumacher, Lukas als hellenistischer Schriftsteller: Studien zur Apostelgeschichte (Gottingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1972), 32-79.
Luke's Gospel generally is read with The Acts of the Apostles in view.
were studying the Acts of the Apostles at a weekend retreat.
This now defunct ceremony arose from Simon Magus, in the Acts of the Apostles, who tried to buy from the Apostles the power of healing or laying-on of hands.
Evidence from the alternative source, the Acts of the Apostles, may supplement the autobiographical data of the letters but not correct them.
Stephen, of course, is introduced to us in Acts of the Apostles, Chapter 6, as one of the seven men "full of wisdom and the Holy Spirit" chosen by the Greek-speaking community to be presented to the Apostles for the laying on of hands.
He then examines the Gospel According to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles to examine encounters between Paul and other gospel preachers with Roman imperialism and finds that Luke does not link the redemption offered by Christ to political liberation, and inquires about the hermeneutical possibility of developing a political Christology today.
We read in the Acts of the Apostles that there were those who insisted, "Unless you are circumcised according to the Mosaic practice, you cannot be saved" (Acts 15:1b).
THE opening verses of The Acts of the Apostles record the words of Jesus: 'You are my witnesses'.
A short conclusion frames the discussion, with Klauck writing that "the primary intention of the Acts of the Apostles as a book is not missionary, but it does portray missionary history, as an inspiration to the reader" (p.
The Acts of the Apostles reflects a Christianity positive about the sharing of food as a communal activity and not preoccupied with fasting as a religious practice.
The account in Acts of the Apostles 6:1-6 of the apostles choosing seven men to take care of table service is usually considered the origin of the office of deacon, yet no one in the story is called diakonos and the apostles appoint them for the diakonia of the table so that the apostles can devote themselves to the diakonos of prayer and the word.