advance directive


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Related to advance directive: Durable power of attorney

advance directive

a declaration by a person in relation to medical treatment (usually to instruct that it stop) to provide for a situation in which he might himself be unable to comment, e.g. the so-called living will. The US Supreme Court established the right for a person to refuse medical treatment, which in the case of a comatose patient can be difficult to establish. This is an issue that is troubling most legal systems because it raises moral, philosophical and practical questions. In the UK the directive is legally effective because treatment requires consent. It need not be in writing. It cannot, however, compel doctors to cease treatment so as to mercy-kill or provide treatment which they do not consider to be in the best interests of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 70-year-old patient of mine with advanced COPD arrived at his office visit last month with advance directive and POLST forms in hand.
The next closest state to have documented advance directive completion by its citizens is New York with 42%.
Invite the Drivers Services Division of the Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security to include a provision on a driver's license indicating the presence of an Advance Directive.
The companion bills would give Medicare beneficiaries and others online access to model advance directives that choose life-saving treatment, food and fluids equally with those that reject them.
The ruling 160/2010 of 2 June 2010 of Tenerife Provincial Court--section 3 [22], regarding the use of reproductive material of a deceased husband to inseminate his wife, correctly states that a typed letter signed by the deceased husband cannot be deemed an advance directive [23].
Having a designated agent and an alternate in case that person is unavailable is particularly helpful when unforeseen situations arise, like traumatic injuries, as the agent can be more dynamic than an Advance Directive.
No matter how uncomfortable it might be to think about the inevitability of dying and to try to make choices while still healthy about what interventions you may or may not want, having an advance directive is becoming an essential element of health care (and one day may be mandatory).
It isn't necessary to hire a lawyer when doing advance directives, though an attorney can be helpful in explaining terms and procedures.
Spanish-speaking parents were less likely to have considered an advance directive for their children than English-speaking parents.
The mechanism for this is the living will or the advance directive.

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