advance directive

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advance directive

a declaration by a person in relation to medical treatment (usually to instruct that it stop) to provide for a situation in which he might himself be unable to comment, e.g. the so-called living will. The US Supreme Court established the right for a person to refuse medical treatment, which in the case of a comatose patient can be difficult to establish. This is an issue that is troubling most legal systems because it raises moral, philosophical and practical questions. In the UK the directive is legally effective because treatment requires consent. It need not be in writing. It cannot, however, compel doctors to cease treatment so as to mercy-kill or provide treatment which they do not consider to be in the best interests of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
Participants had limited or no professional experience with advance directives and often prefaced their discussion with words such as, "I think "From my understanding .
org/stateaddownload has state-specific advance directive forms and information on advance care planning that can be downloaded at no cost.
It isn't necessary to hire a lawyer when doing advance directives, though an attorney can be helpful in explaining terms and procedures.
They rose to the challenge of change, providing valuable consultative and educational assistance with issues such as living wills, advance directives and hospice care.
The workshops also shed light on local, regional, and state legal resources for elders and their caregivers, such as the statewide Senior Legal Helpline--(888) 895-7873--a toll-free telephone line and referral service, where elders can address legal questions regarding housing, health care, family law, employment, advance directives, and other issues.
To facilitate this process, initiative organizers will provide clear, concise, and consistent information and tools for the public to execute written advance directives (healthcare power of attorney and/or living will) in accordance with their applicable state laws.
Though acknowledging that "even explicit statements may need interpretation," Brudney classifies the choices expressed in advance directives as actual expressions of self-determination that should trump the other values that might influence bedside choices.
Talking to patients about advance directives is something that health care professionals know should be done.
The PSDA has many provisions, including the requirement of nursing homes to discuss advance directives on a resident's admission to a nursing home (General Accounting Office [GAO], 1995).
Have administrative personnel familiarize themselves with their state's laws on advance directives, resuscitation decisions, and the determination of death.
Much of the debate on the Mental Capacity Bill so far has focused on the issue of advance directives and withdrawal of artificial nutrition and hydration.

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