advance directive

(redirected from Advance health care directive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

advance directive

a declaration by a person in relation to medical treatment (usually to instruct that it stop) to provide for a situation in which he might himself be unable to comment, e.g. the so-called living will. The US Supreme Court established the right for a person to refuse medical treatment, which in the case of a comatose patient can be difficult to establish. This is an issue that is troubling most legal systems because it raises moral, philosophical and practical questions. In the UK the directive is legally effective because treatment requires consent. It need not be in writing. It cannot, however, compel doctors to cease treatment so as to mercy-kill or provide treatment which they do not consider to be in the best interests of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the desire is to avoid any of a variety of procedures aimed at extending life when the patient's death really is close at hand no matter what anyone does, then the advance health care directive would best be devoted to describing the threshold in the mortality process after which no health care services are wanted, save for those aimed solely at the patient's comfort.
The different states may or may not permit advance health care directives.
At different times during the day, each of the three CVHP hospital campuses will offer the opportunity for the public to come in and fill out an advance health care directive.
The document, "California Advance Health Care Directive," may be downloaded for free in PDF format and printed for personal use.
JCC Manhattan, The Center for Pastoral Education at the Jewish Theological Seminary, and Jewish Home Lifecare will collaborate on a project that will inspire conversation and study to equip individuals to complete advance health care directives.
In 1991 the Federal Patient Self-Determination Act formally required hospitals, nursing homes, home health agencies, hospice providers, health maintenance organizations and other health care institutions to check for and provide information about advance health care directives to adult patients upon their admission to the facility.

Full browser ?