Age of Reason


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Related to Age of Reason: Age of Enlightenment

Age of Reason

The age at which a child is considered capable of acting responsibly.

Under Common Law, seven was the age of reason. Children under the age of seven were conclusively presumed incapable of committing a crime because they did not possess the reasoning ability to understand that their conduct violated the standards of acceptable community behavior. Those between the ages of seven and fourteen were presumed incapable of committing a crime, but this presumption could be overcome by evidence, such as the child having possession of the gun immediately after the shooting. The rebuttable presumption for this age group was based on the assumption that, as the child grew older, he or she learned to differentiate between right and wrong. A child over the age of fourteen was considered to be fully responsible for his or her actions. Many states have modified the age of criminal responsibility by statute.

All states have enacted legislation creating juvenile courts to handle the adjudication of young persons, usually under eighteen, for criminal conduct rather than have them face criminal prosecution as an adult. However, a child of thirteen who commits a violent crime may be tried as an adult in many jurisdictions.

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Drawing on years of reading on topics such as alchemy, Freemasonry in France, Renaissance Egyptology, epistolary culture, and Pieticism, he illuminates the shadows and dark corners of the Age of Reason, while bringing life and humor to history.
In "The New Age of Reason," Ronald Bailey suggests that John Harvey Kellogg invented corn flakes because their blandness tended to reduce passions.
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Thomas Paine's skeptical reading of the Bible in the Age of Reason was derived from studies like those of the French scholar Jean Astruc, who was the first to doubt that Moses could have written the books attributed to him.
SHERMAN Theatre's free music event, the Foyer Sessions, returns this month with two up-and-coming Welsh bands, Zefur Wolves (featuring Cian Ciaran from Super Furry Animals) and The Golden Age of Reason (featuring members of Helen Love and The Soft Hearted Scientists).
Lost Enlightenment describes in painstaking detail a culture of scientific inquiry that Central Asians had nurtured many centuries before Europe's Age of Reason.
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Compiled, organized and edited by historian Tim Dowley, and now presented in a significantly expanded and updated second edition, "Introduction to the History of Christianity" is a 688 page, nicely illustrated, 2100 year history of the Christian movement beginning with the birth, life and ministry of Jesus (1-325 AD), to the acceptance and conquest based expansion of Christianity (325-600 AD), to the emergence and evolution of Christian society (600-1500 AD); to the age of reform and renewal of the Christian churches (1500-1650 AD); to the age of reason, revival and revolution with the Christian world (1650-1789 AD), to the time of the Christian cities and empires (1789-1914 AD), to a century of continuing conflict with respect to Christianity (1914-2001 AD).
Simply Enlightenment 2014 A Rebirth of the Age of Reason