ambassador

(redirected from Ambassadors)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
See: deputy, plenipotentiary, spokesman

AMBASSADOR, international law. A public minister sent abroad by some sovereign state or prince, with a legal commission and authority to transact business on behalf of his country with the government to which he is sent. He is a minister of the highest rank, and represents the person of his sovereign.
     2. The United States have always been represented by ministers plenipotentiary, never having sent a person of the rank of an, ambassador in the diplomatic sense. 1 Kent's Com. 39, n.
     3. Ambassadors, when acknowledged as such, are exempted, absolutely from all allegiance, and from all responsibility to the laws. If, however, they should be so regardless of their duty, and of the object of their privilege, as to insult or openly to attack the laws of the government, their functions may be suspended by a refusal to treat with them, or application can be made to their own sovereign for their recall, or they may be dismissed, and required to depart within a reasonable time. By fiction of law, an ambassador is considered as if he were out of the territory of the foreign power; and it is an implied agreement among nations, that the ambassador, while he resides in the foreign state, shall be considered as a member of his own country, and the government he represents has exclusive cognizance of his conduct, and control of his person. The attendants of the ambassador are attached to his person, and the effects in his use are under his protection and privilege, and, generally, equally exempt from foreign jurisdiction.
     4. Ambassadors are ordinary or extraordinary. The former designation is exclusively applied to those sent on permanent missions; the latter, to those employed on particular or extraordinary occasions, or residing at a foreign court for an indeterminate period. Vattel, Droit des Gens, 1. 4, c. 6, Sec. 70-79.
     5. The act of Congress of April 30th, 1790, s. 25, makes void any writ or process sued forth or prosecuted against any ambassador authorized and received by the president of the United States, or any domestic servant of such ambassador; and the 25th section of the same act, punishes any person who shall sue forth or prosecute such writ or process, and all attorneys and soliciters prosecuting or soliciting in such case, and all officers executing such writ or process, with an imprisonment not exceeding three years, and a fine at the discretion of the court. The act provides that citizens or inhabitants of the United States who were indebted when they went into the service of an ambassador, shall not be protected as to such debt; and it requires also that the names of such servants shall be registered in the office of the secretary of state. The 16th section imposes the like punishment on any person offering violence to the person of an ambassador or other minister. P Vide 1 Kent, Com. 14, 38, 182; Rutherf. Inst. b. 2, c. 9; Vatt. b. 4, c. 8, s. 113; 2 Wash. C. C. R. 435; Ayl. Pand. 245; 1 Bl. Com. 253; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 2 Vin. Ab. 286; Grot. lib. 2, c. 8, 1, 3; 1 Whart. Dig. 382; 2 Id. 314; Dig. l. 50, t. 7; Code I. 10, t. 63, l. 4; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     6. The British statute 7 Ann, cap. 12; is similar in its provisions; it extends to the family and servants of an ambassador, as well when they are the natives of the country in which the ambassador resides, as when they are foreigners whom he brings with him. (3 Burr. 1776-7) To constitute a domestic servant within the meaning of the statute, it is not necessary that the servant should lodge, at night in the house of the ambassador, but it is necessary to show the nature of the service he renders and the actual performance of it. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. He must, in fact, prove that he is bona fide the ambassador's servant. A land waiter at the custom house is not such, nor entitled to the privilege of the statute. 1 Burr. 401. A trader is not entitled to the protection of the statute. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. A person in debt cannot be taken into an ambassador's service in order to protect him. 3 Burr. 1677.

References in classic literature ?
No one has ever doubted your patriotism, Monsieur Pailleton," the ambassador continued.
The ambassador drew himself a little more upright, a stiff unbending figure.
An authorised offer of peace from Germany to the French people," the ambassador answered slowly.
Monsieur le Colonel," the ambassador said, stretching out his hand towards Pailleton, "you will accept the charge of this man, whom you will consider under arrest.
HM King Mohammed VI received, Thursday at the Royal Palace of Tetouan, several foreign ambassadors who presented their credentials to the Sovereign as plenipotentiary and extraordinary ambassadors of their countries in the Kingdom.
Ambassador provides their clients the resources to turn their customers into powerful online brand ambassadors through the creation, tracking and management of custom incentives.
The opening matches will be attended by a number of Asian ambassadors to show their continued support to their communities and the tournament.
Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Ibrahim Al Al-Sheikh has received at the headquarters of the Council Saudi ambassadors designated to a number of brotherly and friendly countries.
President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon received credentials of 10 newly arrived Ambassadors at a ceremony on November 18 in Dushanbe, reports the Tajik president's press service.
Muscat : Sayyid Badr bin Hamad bin Hamoud Al Busaidi, Secretary General of the Foreign Ministry received at the General Diwan of the ministry today a copy of credentials of a number of resident ambassadors appointed to the Sultanate namely Roland Dubertrand, ambassador of the French Republic, Omar Eddine bin Haj Abdulmutalib, ambassador of Malaysia and Dr.
Ekrem Ebibi will be the new ambassador of Macedonia to Switzerland, with residence in Bern, and along with him, there are now six Albanian ambassadors.
Khartoum, June 8 (SUNA) - The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has conducted internal transfers to its general directors and directors of administrations, following the transfer of a number of ambassadors to Sudan missions abroad.

Full browser ?