Alexander Ponomarev celebrates the inhospitable continent which, since the Antarctic Treaty of 1959
has been protected as a site of transnational scientific research --a unique sort of geographical and cultural blank slate.
The United States and Russia were architects of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959
and today conduct some of the most extensive and diverse scientific activities in Antarctica.
The inspection will be conducted pursuant to the Antarctic Treaty of 1959
and its Environmental Protocol.
The Antarctic Treaty of 1959
established Antarctica as an area reserved for international scientific research and environmental preservation.
In the Southern Ocean the legal picture is further complicated by strict laws designed to protect Antarctica, Freestone said, citing the Antarctic Treaty of 1959
and its 1991 Madrid Environmental Protocol, as well as the 1980 Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.