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Aristotle was born in 384 b.c., in Stagira, Greece. He achieved prominence as an eminent philosopher who greatly influenced the basic principles of philosophy and whose ideologies are still practiced today.

Aristotle was a student of the renowned philosopher Plato and tutored Alexander the Great, who became King of Macedonia in 336 b.c.

Aristotle established his own school in the Lyceum, near Athens, in 335 b.c. He often lectured his students in the portico, or walking place, of the Lyceum. The school was subsequently called Peripatetic, after the Greek word peripatos for "walking place."

In 323 b.c. the reign of Alexander ended with his death, and Aristotle sought refuge at Chalcis.

Aristotle formulated numerous beliefs about the reasoning power of humans and the essence of being. He stressed the importance of nature and instructed his pupils to closely study natural phenomena. When teaching science, he believed that all ideas must be supported by explanations based upon facts.

Concerning the realm of politics, Aristotle propounded that humans are inherently political and demonstrate an essential part of their humanity when participating in civic affairs.

Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle, and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning. To think logically, one had to apply the syllogism, which was a form of thought comprised of two premises that led to a conclusion; Aristotle taught that this form can be applied to all logical reasoning.

"Man is by nature a political animal."

To understand reality, Aristotle theorized that it must be categorized as substance, quality, quantity, relation, determination in time and space, action, passion or passivity, position, and condition. To know and understand the reality of an object required an explanation of its material cause, which is why it exists or its composition; its formal cause, or its design; its efficient cause, or its creator; and its final cause, or its reason for being.

Aristotle agreed with his mentor, Plato, concerning the field of ethics. The goodness of a being depended upon the extent to which that being achieved its highest potential. For humans, the ultimate good is the continual use and development of their reasoning powers to fullest capacity. To effect fulfillment and contentment, humans must follow a life of contemplation, rather than pleasure.

The fundamental source of Aristotle's theories were his lectures to his students, which were compiled into several volumes. They include Organum, which discusses logic; Physics; Metaphysics; De Anima, concerning the soul; Rhetoric; Politics; Nichomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics, involving principles of conduct; and De Poetica, or poetics.

He also wrote Constitution of Athens, a description of the foundations of the government of Athens. The work was discovered in the late nineteenth century.

Aristotle died in 322 b.c., in Chalcis, Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
What we have in the Vita Aristotelis is not so much a piece of scolarship as a smoothly constructed narrative written from a partisan perspective.
60) John Duns Scotus, Quaestiones super lib, vs Metaphysicorum Aristotelis, in Opera, Philosophica, vol.
See Aristotelis qui ferebantur librorum fragmenta collegit Valentinus Rose, fragments 70-7, 142-79; Augusto Rostagni, "Il dialogo aristotelico [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Prima Parte," Rivista di filologia e d' Istruzione Classica (later Rivista di Filologia Classica) (1926): 433-70, especially 434-6; Ingemar During, Aristoteles: Darstellung und Interpretation seines Denkens (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitatsverslag, 1966), 126.
DISY MP Aristotelis Misos said they would review his suggestions and push forward to the ones they believed would ensure road safety.
Pelletier finds Ockham's most detailed treatment of metaphysics in the prologue to his Exposito in libros Physicorum Aristotelis.
Ioannis Kasoulides Michalis Sarris Christophoros Pissarides Tasos Mitsopoulos Socratis Hasikos Ionas Nicolaou Harris Georgiades Fotis Fotiou Kyriakos Kenevezos Georgios Lakkotrypis Petros Petrides Nicos Kouyialis Christos Stylianides Constantinos Petrides Ioanna Panayiotou Kate Clerides Emanouella Moushiouta Lambrianides Panayiotis Antoniou Andreas Pitsillides Prodhromos Prodhromou Andreas Themistocleous Maria Kyriakou Nicos Nouris Rikos Mappourides Aristotelis Misos Having won a landslide victory in last Sunday's second round of presidential elections, Anastasiades has a mandate to combat unemployment and reduce a huge public sector deficit, while getting Cyprus back on a path of growth, economic stability and fiscal sustainability.
Tada Aristotelis buvo ne mazesnis idealistas nei Kantas.
Following in the footsteps of mixology giants Manabu Ohtake, Erik Lorincz and Aristotelis Papadopoulos, he displayed exceptional style and technique, truly showing the artisanship of his craft and a talent beyond his years.
Philoponus, 'Scholia in Aristotelem Graeca', Aristotelis opera, ex recensione I.
Commentarium Magnum in Aristotelis De anima Libros, ed.
62) The Records of the Academic Senate of 28 January 1611 mention the condition that de Veno had to "lesen ende doceren hora pomeridiana moralem ofte naturalem philosophiam Aristotelis, ende hem soe in docendo als disputando wachten van subtile parerges ende quaestien, oock van contumeliose daden ende woorden"; and that he had to "holden ende helpen ondetholden tranquillitatem academicam, ende hem waachten van eenige correspondentie t'holden met studenten, het sy in de burse ofte daer buijten.
Whereas Gardener should easily master his 60m rivals, in Greek Aristotelis Gavelas and Marc Blume, of Germany, Tomlinson faces much tougher opposition.