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Aristotle was born in 384 b.c., in Stagira, Greece. He achieved prominence as an eminent philosopher who greatly influenced the basic principles of philosophy and whose ideologies are still practiced today.

Aristotle was a student of the renowned philosopher Plato and tutored Alexander the Great, who became King of Macedonia in 336 b.c.

Aristotle established his own school in the Lyceum, near Athens, in 335 b.c. He often lectured his students in the portico, or walking place, of the Lyceum. The school was subsequently called Peripatetic, after the Greek word peripatos for "walking place."

In 323 b.c. the reign of Alexander ended with his death, and Aristotle sought refuge at Chalcis.

Aristotle formulated numerous beliefs about the reasoning power of humans and the essence of being. He stressed the importance of nature and instructed his pupils to closely study natural phenomena. When teaching science, he believed that all ideas must be supported by explanations based upon facts.

Concerning the realm of politics, Aristotle propounded that humans are inherently political and demonstrate an essential part of their humanity when participating in civic affairs.

Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle, and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning. To think logically, one had to apply the syllogism, which was a form of thought comprised of two premises that led to a conclusion; Aristotle taught that this form can be applied to all logical reasoning.

"Man is by nature a political animal."

To understand reality, Aristotle theorized that it must be categorized as substance, quality, quantity, relation, determination in time and space, action, passion or passivity, position, and condition. To know and understand the reality of an object required an explanation of its material cause, which is why it exists or its composition; its formal cause, or its design; its efficient cause, or its creator; and its final cause, or its reason for being.

Aristotle agreed with his mentor, Plato, concerning the field of ethics. The goodness of a being depended upon the extent to which that being achieved its highest potential. For humans, the ultimate good is the continual use and development of their reasoning powers to fullest capacity. To effect fulfillment and contentment, humans must follow a life of contemplation, rather than pleasure.

The fundamental source of Aristotle's theories were his lectures to his students, which were compiled into several volumes. They include Organum, which discusses logic; Physics; Metaphysics; De Anima, concerning the soul; Rhetoric; Politics; Nichomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics, involving principles of conduct; and De Poetica, or poetics.

He also wrote Constitution of Athens, a description of the foundations of the government of Athens. The work was discovered in the late nineteenth century.

Aristotle died in 322 b.c., in Chalcis, Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
Change, Agency and the Incomplete in Aristotle, ANDREAS ANAGNOSTOPOULOS
com/topics/ancient-history/aristotle) Aristotle famously studied philosophy  under Plato and went on to teach Alexander the Great.
In certain parts of that commentary, Aquinas departed from the text of Aristotle to add his own arguments, inviting the reader to judge whether those new points were based on faith or reason.
To the extent that Crespo's Aristotle is not quite right, I suggest that it is because he is insufficiently familiar with Aristotle's most sympathetic yet rigorous commentator, Thomas Aquinas.
Gotthelf's papers on first principles, Part II, show how Aristotle employs his own theory of demonstration, developed in Posterior Analytics, in the explanatory treatises such as PA.
This essay is essential reading, as it is the best defense of the traditional reading of Aristotle as positing irreducible biological natures.
David Charles, for one, argues that Aristotle has two main aims in his History of Animals: to 'separate distinct genera and (where required) species and to determine which properties belong per se to them.
Bowles said the rebranding would change Aristotle WebPress to Aristotle Select, but wouldn't change the pricing of the service.
Since Aristotle was a pupil of Plato, he may be presumed to have similar views, except where there is evidence of dissimilarity.
On the other side of the debate, commentators think that Aristotle defends natural teleology against eliminativist opponents who maintain that there is nothing to explain the generation of living organisms because it is simply an accidental result of the movements of the elements.
Aristotle was also of the opinion that it is wrong to prevent a judge by playing on his emotions--"one might as well warp a carpenter's rule before using it.
I've been re-reading Aristotle recently because I want to know how we came to see knowledge as shaped like a tree, and Aristotle is the guy who first articulated that.