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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
42) He demonstrated that the arc of the articular surface of the talar dome subtends an angle of 90[degrees] to 105[degrees], and that 50[degrees] to 55[degrees] of this is taken up by the tibial plafond's congruence with the talus.
It is important to evaluate the integrity of the articular surface and the displacement of the osteochondral fracture.
Furthermore, the popliteus tendon in PSLM looks like the posterior segment of the lateral meniscus, as the popliteus tendon runs on the articular surface of the LTP.
Each 3D reconstructed CT model was analyzed in Rapidform (3D Systems) to create a best fit sphere over the humeral head articular surface for measurement of the anatomic radius of curvature, with the center of the sphere establishing the anatomic CoR, as shown in Figure 1.
4] The stress patterns across the talus influence its overall dimensions, articular surface areas, and angles in particular.
15 Their work and that of Melone20 had resulted in the acceptance of a step in the articular surface up to 2 mm.
The lateral pterygoid muscle, the only muscle of mastication serving to open the jaw, inserts on the mandibular condyle inferior to the articular surface but can partially insert on the joint capsule and disc as well.
The scan was reported as showing a horizontal tear of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus with superior articular surface contact, extending into the posterior root attachment (Figures 3 and 4).
Intratendinous tears are characterized by the absence of fiber disruption on both the bursal and articular surface of the rotator cuff.
The humeral head diameter was measured with a best fit sphere; the humeral head thickness was measured from a plane defining the anatomic neck, and the articular surface area was calculated using this sphere diameter and associated thickness.