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A process of a participatory democracy that empowers the people to propose legislation and to enact or reject the laws at the polls independent of the lawmaking power of the governing body.

The purpose of an initiative, which is a type of election commenced and carried out by the people, is to permit the electorate to resolve questions where their elected representatives fail to do so or refuse to proceed with a change that the public desires.

See: initial, original, overture, preparatory, rudimentary

INITIATIVE, French law. The name given to the important prerogative given by the charte constitutionelle, art. 16, to the late king to propose through his ministers projects of laws. 1 Toull. n. 39. See Veto.

References in periodicals archive ?
Operational plans for Rock Creek includes adding ore from Big Hurrah, a satellite gold deposit located some 50 miles away, which is currently in the permitting stage and could possibly be one of the first victims of the proposed water ballot initiatives.
Advocates from FAIR (For Adult Industry Responsibility), a campaign to shepherd the ballot initiative, needed at least 41,138 qualifying signatures (15% of all votes cast in the last mayoral election) by Dec.
The restrictions on employee organizations, if passed, would not apply to corporations or businesses or, in the case of ballot initiatives, to foreign entities.
A ballot initiative there would limit individual campaign contributions (which have no limit now) to $100 ($200 for statewide offices).
On the legislative front, Assemblyman Bernie Richter, a northern California Republican, has introduced a constitutional amendment with the same intent and language as the proposed ballot initiative.
Former adult performers join AHF to announce submission of 64,000 signatures to qualify City of Los Angeles ballot initiative for condoms in porn effort tying adult film permits to condom use in the films
The decision of House Republicans in the Appropriations Committee to prevent the ballot initiative from going forward is an affront to the core of Republican belief against big government interfering in the lives of citizens," says Dr.
To become part of the state constitution, the amendment would have to pass both chambers of the state legislature and be approved by voters as a ballot initiative.
WASHINGTON -- The American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), specializing in constitutional law, said today it is extremely pleased that the California Supreme Court has denied review in an appeal involving a case challenging the constitutionality of a San Diego ballot initiative in which voters overwhelmingly approved a measure donating the Mt.
On April 30, in a rare move against the people of Oklahoma, the State Supreme Court ruled against the ballot initiative before it went to a vote, denying the people's right to vote on the measure, which seeks to protect all human beings from conception.
Is the real Schwarzenegger the governor who made Rob Stutzman, one architect of the 2000 ballot initiative banning gay marriage, his communications director?
s Proposition 59, a 1998 ballot initiative to legalize medical marijuana in the District.