Battel


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Battel

Physical combat engaged in by an accuser and accused to resolve their differences, usually involving a serious crime or ownership of land. It was recognized by the English king from the eleventh to seventeenth centuries.

Trial by battel was introduced into England by William the Conqueror. It was based upon the belief that the winner of the battle, which was tried by God, was the party who was in the right in the dispute.

BATTEL, in French Bataille; Old English law. An ancient and barbarous mode of trial, by Bingle combat, called wager of battel, where, in appeals of felony, the @appellee might fight with the appellant to prove his innocence. It was also used in affairs of chivalry or honor, and upon civil cases upon certain issues. Co. Litt. 294. Till lately it disgraced the English code. This mode of trial was abolished in England by stat. 59 Geo.,III. c. 46.
     2. This mode of trial was not peculiar to England. The emperor Otho, A. D. 983, held a diet at Verona, at which several sovereigns and great lords of Italy, Germany and France were present. In order to put a stop to the frequent perjuries in judicial trials, this diet substituted in all cases, even in those which followed the course of the Roman law, proof by combat for proof by oath. Henrion de Pansey, Auth. Judic. Introd. c. 3; and for a detailed account of this mode of trial see Herb. Antiq. of the Inns of Court, 119-145.

References in periodicals archive ?
Town again went on the attack and Danby shot wide before Battel headed a corner over the Stoke bar.
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Alternately, the powder filled pod is designed to produce a scrubbing action in the battel for a more aggressive purge on tough applications; however, it is gentle enough not to damage expensive screws or barrels.
When Judge Ballance eagerly pumps him for "a particular Description" of the combat at Hochstadt, the captain demurs: "The Battel, Sir, was a very pretty Battel as one shou'd desire to see, but we were all so intent upon Victory, that we never minded the Battel; all that I know of the matter is, our General commanded us to beat the French, and we did so, and if he pleases to say the word, we'll do't again" (2.
Indeed, Prior is not weaving this double simile out of his own thoughts: he is filching it from his friend Swift, who had similarly described the Ancients and the Moderns in his Battel of the Books (1704), thus performing the argument in favor of literary thievery.
Quoted in Mildred Battel, Children Shall Be First: Child Welfare Saskatchewan, 1944-64 (Regina, Saskatchewan Department of Culture and Youth Local History Program, 1979), p.
56kg: Jack Hillier (Southampton), Jeffrey Neesham (High Fell), Bradley Strand (Kirkby), Ryan Conway (King's Heath), Jordan Battel (Black Rod), Jacob Croot (Downend), C Myles (Fitzroy Lodge).
Y algunos de los descendientes de los paisanos de Battel Creek, se trasladaron despues a vivir a Chicago.
Bravin Battel, the official adjudicator from the Guinness Book of Records, declared: "The pole fulfills all the specifications required to deserve the record.
25pm that the female had been located safe and well having made her way to the Bwlch y Battel area and navigated to a farm who allowed her the use of the telephone to contact relatives.
CAMILA ALVES RODRIGUES (1), ANA PAULA MAGALHAES BURGES BATTEL (2), NILZA MARIA MARTINELLI (1), RAFAEL DE ANDRADE MORAL (3), RICARDO KLEIN SERCUNDES (3) AND WESLEY AUGUSTO CONDE GODOY (2) *