substitute

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substitute

noun agent, alternate, alternative, delegate, deputy, double, emissary, envoy, factor, lieutenant, pinch hitter, plenipotentiary, proxy, regent, replacement, representation, representative, stand-in, steward, stopgap, substitution, supplanter, surrogate, temporary expedient, trustee, understudy
See also: agent, alienate, alternate, alternative, change, commute, conduit, convert, cover, delegate, deputy, devolve, disjunctive, displace, exchange, false, imitation, intermediary, liaison, plenipotentiary, procurator, provisional, proxy, quid pro quo, replace, replacement, representative, secondary, stopgap, succedaneum, supersede, supplant, surrogate, transform

SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

References in periodicals archive ?
This meta-analysis reported a 30 percent higher risk of death overall for patients who received transfusions using the first-generation blood substitute products developed by five different companies; Baxter, Hemosol, Biopure, Northfield and Sangart.
said it received nearly $1 million to develop its Hemopure blood substitute for military trauma applications from the U.
Several researchers, including Enrico Bucci of the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, have developed ways of cross-linking human hemoglobin molecules into cell-free blood substitutes (SN: 9/26/87, p.
HemoBioTech CEO Arthur Bollon, PhD, will provide an overview of the company and an update on its lead product, HemoTech, potentially the first viable human blood substitute.
Northfield, with its blood substitute PolyHeme, is still the frontrunner.
com), a developmental biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing potentially the first viable human blood substitute, was featured nationally on Fox News.
Its product, PolyHeme, is the only blood substitute undergoing clinical trials that has been tested at large enough dosages to be considered a substitute for acute blood loss in trauma and surgical settings.
Photo: Hemoglobin encapsulated in liposomes may make an excellent blood substitute if it can be preserved well.
Featured in New Scientist Magazine, January 16, 2008: HemoBioTech was highlighted in the January 5-11th issue of New Scientist, describing HemoTech's potential ability to become a safe, inexpensive, oxygen-carrying human blood substitute.
The company said the letter included both questions and comments about Northfield's blood substitute, PolyHeme, from CBER.
Still, he points out, progress has been made in the quest for the perfect blood substitute.
Article Highlights HemoTech, Novel Human Blood Substitute