Admiralty

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admiralty

n. concerning activities which occur at sea, including on small boats and ships innavigable bays. Admiralty law (maritime law) includes accidents and injuries at sea, maritime contracts and commerce, alleged violations of rules of the sea over shipping lanes and rights-of-way, and mutiny and other crimes on shipboard. Jurisdiction over all these matters rests in the Federal Courts, which do not use juries in admiralty cases. There are other special rules in processing maritime cases, which are often handled by admiralty law specialists. Lawyers appearing in admiralty cases are called "proctors." (See: maritime law)

ADMIRALTY. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating to the sea; or, in other words, of all transactions and proceedings relative to commerce and navigation, and to damages or injuries upon the sea. 2 Gall. R. 468. In the great maritime nations of Europe, the term "admiralty jurisdiction," is, uniformly applied to courts exercising jurisdiction over maritime contracts and concerns. It is as familiarly known among the jurists of Scotland, France, Holland and Spain, as of England, and applied to their own courts, possessing substantially the same jurisdiction as the English Admiralty had in the reign of Edward III. Ibid., and the authorities there cited; and see, also, Bac. Ab. Court of Admiralty; Merl. Repert. h.t. Encyclopedie, h.t.; 1 Dall. 323.
     2. The Constitution of the United States has delegated to the courts of the national government cognizance "of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;" and the act of September 24, 1789, ch. 20 s. 9, has given the district court" cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction," including all seizures under laws of imposts, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters navigable from the sea, by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas.
     3. It is not within the plan of this work to enlarge upon this subject.

References in periodicals archive ?
I have sighted versions in the Mitchell Library in Sydney, the National Library of Australia, the British Admiralty Hydrographic Office in Taunton, and the British Library and Royal Geographical Society Library in London.
The British Admiralty negotiated the completion of several maintenance ships and transport ferries in advance stages of construction, subject to a wider settlement with the United Kingdom over war debts.
The Atlantis made her presence felt very heavily as she circumnavigated the globe in attacking and disappearing manoeuvres that confused the British Admiralty for over a year.
Under British Admiralty orders, 14 fast merchant ships were escorted across the Mediterranean.
Cook's instruction from the British Admiralty, on setting sail originally to observe an eclipse from Tahiti, was to "proceed to the southward in order to make the discovery of the great southern continent".
He makes little mention of the limitations of naval gunnery or of the detailed study by the British Admiralty in 1919 which identified serious technical deficiencies (he does not even cite the Mitchell Report until over one hundred pages later).
The British Admiralty accepted his findings and changed policy for the British Navy in 1795.
Bibliographical Notes on Nineteenth Century British Admiralty Charts.
Data from the service records of the British Admiralty, in fact, indicate that Irish males were taller and presumably betterfed in childhood and adolescence than those of most other countries, including Britain.
Global Marine's researcher in Spain has been able to discern a reasonable estimate of the amount and type of cargo that may be found at the wreck site of the "Eldorado", through the records of the British Admiralty pertaining to the Naval Battle and the capture of vessels of Spain's Armada.
THE sinking of the Liverpool steamer Zent, as a result of which 49 lives were lost, including Garston, Livepool and Birkenhead men, is mentioned in a statement issued by the British Admiralty this afternoon.
This book explores the history of the development of naval policy making in the British Admiralty from 1805 to 1927, from the Battle of Trafalgar to the aftermath of World War I.

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