Cabinet

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Cabinet

The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

The president's cabinet was created by custom and tradition and was instituted by the first president. The heads of each of the executive departments of the government, including the Secretary of State, the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of defense, the attorney general, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of agriculture, the secretary of commerce, the secretary of labor, the secretary of health and human services, the secretary of education, the secretary of housing and urban development, and the secretary of transportation, comprise the cabinet.

Cross-references

Executive Branch.

See: agency, bench, board, body, chamber, commission, committee

Cabinet

in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.

CABINET. Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others.
     2. These officers are the advisers of the president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fernandes was removed as an office-bearer of the Congress party last week and has now been made a cabinet minister for the first time.
It is expected that Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki would attend the Parliament session on Thursday to present the names of the security cabinet ministers," MP Hussein al-Safi told Aswat al-Iraq news agency.
Former Cabinet minister Stephen Byers talks to reporters; and, right, in the Channel 4 film
Mr Brown will show he is a "team player" by taking his election planning trio of Cabinet Ministers - Lord Mandelson, Harriet Harman and Douglas Alexander - to speak to Labour MPs tomorrow.
Mr Brown claimed that most Cabinet ministers demonstrated their support for him "within an hour or two".
It seems that Hazel Blears, the Local Government Secretary, lacks enough clout to make other Cabinet Ministers take her seriously.
Montreal--Quebec MP and former cabinet minister Stephane Dion had barely been elected the new leader of the federal Liberal party at a convention in this city on December 2 when he let it be known that he would be ready to "crack the whip" at his caucus when it came time to vote on whether to reopen the same-sex "marriage" issue in Parliament, scheduled for December 6 or 7 (Can Press, Dec.
A MERSEYSIDE man has been banned from going within 300 yards of a cabinet minister after he was arrested for throwing eggs at the prime minister.
One of the ways the party hopes to achieve this during the conference is to get ministers cold-calling voters from their Gosforth call centre and for members of the public to email or text questions to be answered by Cabinet ministers on the floor of the conference hall.
Three North East former Cabinet ministers have thrown their weight behind Tony Blair's decision to hold a referendum on the European Constitution.
Cabinet ministers have been told to head seminars at which MPs will be able to voice their concerns over Government policy on Iraq, starting this week.
Its tepid support for the launch of the new money and critical comments about the euro by several of its cabinet ministers provided the pretext for another round of attacks.