Cabinet

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Cabinet

The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

The president's cabinet was created by custom and tradition and was instituted by the first president. The heads of each of the executive departments of the government, including the Secretary of State, the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of defense, the attorney general, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of agriculture, the secretary of commerce, the secretary of labor, the secretary of health and human services, the secretary of education, the secretary of housing and urban development, and the secretary of transportation, comprise the cabinet.

Cross-references

Executive Branch.

See: agency, bench, board, body, chamber, commission, committee

Cabinet

in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.

CABINET. Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others.
     2. These officers are the advisers of the president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Coun Keith Kondakor, who turned up to a council cabinet meeting with a camera to record proceedings
Bahceli also accused Davutoy-lu of being a "shadow" prime minister, one that is completely under the command of the president, saying that Davutoy-lu submissively attended the Cabinet meeting because he had no other option.
Erdoy-an dismissed suggestions that his chairing the Cabinet meetings might create a rift between the president and the prime minister, insisting that he is in harmony with the government and that his presence at Cabinet meetings will help the success of the government.
I can only believe that the Conservative refusal to take on the suggestion of changing the Cabinet meeting time is because the Tory ruling group wants to keep the public away and are afraid of being asked difficult questions by local people.
The government has denied the minister accused the president of carrying a bomb into the cabinet meeting and said he only alleged she was carrying a ''spy bag.
PRIME Minister Gordon Brown will hold his first Cabinet meeting in the West Midlands after the summer recess in a bid to "engage" with the people.
Shadow work and pensions secretary Chris Grayling accused Mr Brown of simply copying Tory leader David Cameron, who has already held a number of shadow cabinet meetings outside London.
THE SHADOWY figure behind Labour's election victory yesterday sparked a croneyism row when it emerged he was at Scotland's first-ever cabinet meeting.
The government plans to simplify the procedures used to call emergency cabinet meetings in decisions involving counterterrorism activities by the Self-Defense Forces (SDF), government officials said Thursday.
We see North Wales important enough to hold the first of many cabinet meetings there outside Cardiff.
Since March 31, 2008 when the PPP came to power, the Federal Cabinet held 86 cabinet meetings to regularly pursue matters of national policy and governance.
Joint cabinet meetings are increasingly used for inter-governmental dialogue, at both international and sub-state levels.

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