Cabinet

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Cabinet

The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

The president's cabinet was created by custom and tradition and was instituted by the first president. The heads of each of the executive departments of the government, including the Secretary of State, the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of defense, the attorney general, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of agriculture, the secretary of commerce, the secretary of labor, the secretary of health and human services, the secretary of education, the secretary of housing and urban development, and the secretary of transportation, comprise the cabinet.

Cross-references

Executive Branch.

See: agency, bench, board, body, chamber, commission, committee

Cabinet

in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.

CABINET. Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others.
     2. These officers are the advisers of the president.

References in periodicals archive ?
This cabinet system eliminates bypass air and the mixing of cold air and exhaust air within the cabinet and the data center, optimizing cooling capacity and reducing cooling energy consumption by over 40% (see Panduit White Papers below).
Kelly "There is no evidence the problems we are facing spring out of a cabinet system or are replicated in other councils, all of whom use the cabinet system.
Among those who will be operating single party cabinet systems are Plaid-controlled Caerphilly and Rhondda Cynon Taff.
The reports immediately prompted a strong reaction from some lawmakers in the ULD, who have stepped up pressures on the prime minister to push ahead with the ULD's plan to seek a parliamentary cabinet system.
The Storage Cabinet System features cabinets in various sizes, available in either deluxe or standard variations to fit consumers' different needs and budgets.
Gardner popped a 20-inch-deep cabinet system into a side wall and a built-in refrigerator into a laundry room, framing these openings in nonstructural walls.
For more information about how CPI's Z4-Series SeismicFrame Cabinet System can protect your equipment and prevent downtime, visit the product page.
Liberal Democrat councillor Josh Mason said the Cabinet system did not allow all councillors to reflect their residents' needs.
Tony Blair was pushing for a mayoral style of local government or, if not, a cabinet system.
The Government has forced Kirklees to abandon its cabinet system and choose either a mayor elected by the public or a leader voted in by councillors.
He said: "The problem with both proposals on offer is they keep the discredited cabinet system.
Members of the business management committee were being asked to agree the council's formal view on whether it should be made easier for voters to force local authorities to switch from the leader and cabinet system to an American-style elected mayor.