lesion

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Related to Carious lesion: incipient decay

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Greater risk of new carious lesions in both primary and permanent dentitions.
Examination of the dentition reveals a large carious lesion on the occlusal surface of the deciduous upper second molar, and multiple hypoplastic lines on the permanent canine crowns.
Photo: Left: Artifically created carious lesion in human enamel, concealed by a 20-micron-thick cover, viewed with polarizing microscope.
Efforts directed at implementing effective programs that prevent the development of new carious lesions is therefore a welcome development.
This study was conducted to determine sensitivity and specificity of detecting the presence and extent of interproximal carious lesions using both traditional examination techniques (bitewing radiographs) and DIFOTI on 32 extracted maxillary and mandibular teeth.
3), which had been taken about a year previously, revealed a coronal radiolucency resembling a carious lesion on the permanent canine with evidence of a retained primary canine.
Children with numerous carious lesions and children with behavioural problems are more likely to be referred [Jensma and Veerkamp, 2008], possibly since repetitive restorative treatment and behaviour problems are related [ten Berge et al.
Caries appears to be the most prevalent infectious disease in humans; (2), (3) about 90 percent of individuals present with dental problems or tooth pain resulting from carious lesions.
A carious lesion of approximately 30[micro]m in depth was produced.
Multivariate logistic regression analyses assessing the association of socio-demographic characteristics, oral hygiene and dietary habits with the presence of at least one carious lesion (ICDAS-II codes 1-6 or ICDAS-II codes 3-6) showed that only daily toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste was related to the presence of cavitated caries lesions.
Therefore, it can be concluded that in contrast to MS, lactobacilli are implicated in caries progression rather than in the initiation of a carious lesion [Maltz et al.
Manifest caries: a carious lesion on a previously unrestored tooth surface that can be verified as a cavity by probing and in which, on probing in fissures using light pressure, the probe become stuck.