lesion

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Related to Carious lesion: incipient decay

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Over half of the respondents agreed that many patients would not accept the treatment of dental caries with SDF due to the permanent black staining of the carious lesion.
In the public sector, where there are long waiting lists for treatment, Riva Star has profound benefits for the triage of carious lesions focusing on stopping the caries rather than restoring the teeth.
Those authors concluded that children with many carious lesions at 5 years of age are at high risk of being dentally anxious at 10.
For each participant, the samples of dental plaque were obtained from carious lesions and from healthy dental surfaces.
Photo: Left: Artifically created carious lesion in human enamel, concealed by a 20-micron-thick cover, viewed with polarizing microscope.
It has been shown that remineralization of incipient carious lesions can be encouraged when the production of acetic acid, or other high pKa acids found in resting plaque, buffers plaque fluid.
mutans CVCM 656 strain were diagnosed with carious lesions, representing 37% of the total number of treated teeth.
It consists of two components: the sealing of caries-prone pits and fissures, including those with enamel caries lesions (ART sealants), and restoring cavitated dentin carious lesions with sealant-restorations (ART restorations).
The risk of developing a new carious lesion was 5 times higher in children with caries when compared with children who were caries-free, increasing with the mean deft and DMFT, though not linear.
In our study extent and severity of carious lesions were not measured, only the presence of carious lesion in each quadrant was noted.
Unlike radiographs in which the "incident beam is transmitted through the entire tooth" resulting in an image which can show the extent of carious lesion penetration into a tooth, DIFOTI images only the light emerging from the surface of the tooth closest to the CCD camera.
The objective of this study was four fold; to investigate the preference of dentists regarding the method of carious lesion removal, to find out the materials used for direct pulp capping and indirect pulp capping under composite restorations and to evaluate the influence of clinical experience or qualification on treatment options.