chattels


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CHATTELS, property. A term which includes all hinds of property, except the freehold or things which are parcel of it. It is a more extensive term than goods or effects. Debtors taken in execution, captives, apprentices, are accounted chattels. Godol. Orph. Leg. part 3, chap. 6, Sec. 1.
     2. Chattels are personal or real. Personal, are such as belong immediately to the person of a man; chattels real, are such as either appertain not immediately to the person, but to something by way of dependency, as a box with the title deeds of lands; or such as are issuing out of some real estate, as a lease of lands, or term of years, which pass like personally to the executor of the owner. Co. Litt. 118; 1 Chit. Pr. 90; 8 Vin. Ab. 296; 11 Vin. Ab. 166; 14 Vin. Ab. 109; Bac. Ab. Baron, &c. C 2; 2 Kent, Com. 278; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Com. Dig. Biens, A; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. CHEAT, criminal law, torts. A cheat is a deceitful practice, of a public nature, in defrauding another of a known right, by some artful device, contrary to the plain rules of common honesty. 1 Hawk. 343.
     2. To constitute a cheat, the offence must be, 1st. of a public nature for every species of fraud and dishonesty in transactions between individuals is not the subject-matter of a criminal charge at common law; it must be such as is calculated to defraud numbers, and to deceive the people in general. 2 East, P. C. 816; 7 John. R. 201; 14 John. R. 371; 1 Greenl. R. 387; 6. Mass. R. 72; 9 Cowen, R. 588; 9 Wend. R. 187; 1 Yerg. R. 76; 1 Mass. 137. 2. The cheating must be done by false weights, false measures, false tokens, or the like, calculated to deceive numbers. 2 Burr, 1125; 1 W. Bl. R. 273; Holt, R. 354.
     3. That the object of the defendant in defrauding the prosecutor was successful. If unsuccessful, it is a mere attempt. (q.v.) 2 Mass. 139. When two or more enter into an agreement to cheat, the offence is a conspiracy. (q.v.) To call a man a cheat is slanderous. Hetl. 167; 1 Roll's Ab. 53; 2 Lev. 62. Vide Illiterate; Token.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chattels & More will also be demonstrating the Greek brand Papadatos' exquisite collection of sofas, swivel armchairs and marble-infused dining and coffee tables besides the Oliver B.
It was also common ground that it was necessary to imply a term into the lease to determine who owned these chattels, and what should happen to them.
The final section of the essay focuses on the writs sent by the Crown during the reign of Edward I to local jurisdictions in response to petitions by family members and executors for the return of suicides' confiscated goods and chattels.
Trespassers cannot claim found chattels, even if the chattel's existence is not known by the land occupier (Corporation of London et al.
chattels secured by a Commercial Business Mortgage (such as goods) should be existing and identified and cannot be changed after the perfection of the mortgage, but the chattels secured by a Chattel Mortgage may include future chattels and are to be identified at the time of enforcement.
We acquire most chattels bilaterally, in transfers governed by the laws of contract, sale, gift, bailment, and the like.
Simply put, the law is said to empower owners of chattels to abandon them by unambiguously manifesting the intent to do so (most typically by physically abandoning possession of the object in a way that communicates the intent to forgo any future claim to it).
By the law of the slave states he may have become a chattel, but by nature he was in truth a human person.
The doctrine of trespass to chattels gained wide recognition during the anti-spam wars in the 1990s, when companies such as America Online, CompuServe, and others used the doctrine to try to hold companies and individuals liable for damages arising out of alleged spamming activities.
It is clear there needs to be a change in the law to protect workers from being treated like chattels - and that's what we're demanding from the government.
A museum spokesman said: "This is also a chance to view the Golcar museum's current exhibition, a fascinating display of Victorian domestic chattels - from crockery to kitchen implements, from wash tubs and donkey stones to grandma's recipe books - all from Aunt Lizzy's cupboards and drawers.