affinity

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Affinity

The relationship that a person has to the blood relatives of a spouse by virtue of the marriage.

The doctrine of affinity developed from a Maxim of Canon Law that a Husband and Wife were made one by their marriage. There are three types of affinity. Direct affinity exists between the husband and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood. Secondary affinity is between a spouse and the other spouse's relatives by marriage. Collateral affinity exists between a spouse and the relatives of the other spouse's relatives. The determination of affinity is important in various legal matters, such as deciding whether to prosecute a person for Incest or whether to disqualify a juror for bias.

affinity

(Family ties), noun affiliation, ancestry, blood relative, brethren, clan, cognatio, cognation, common annestry, coniunctio, connection, consanguinitas, family, family connection, filiation, heritage, kindred, kinship, lineage, linkage, necessitudo, offspring, parentage, propinquitas, relation, relation by blood, relationship, tribe
Associated concepts: challenge to a prospective juror based on affinity
Foreign phrases: Affinis mei affinis non est mihi affinis.One who is related by marriage to a person who is related to me by marriage has no af finity to me.

affinity

(Regard), noun affection, attachment, attraction, closeness, concern, devotion, fondness, friendliness, good will, inclination, liking, love, natural liking, predilection, proclivity, propensity, sympathy, tenderness
See also: agreement, analogy, blood, chain, conformity, connection, consortium, inclination, instinct, kinship, nexus, partiality, penchant, predilection, propensity, propinquity, rapport, relation, relationship, relevance, resemblance

affinity

the relationship or connection between one spouse and the blood relatives of the other. See CONSANGUINITY.

AFFINITY. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the husband in the same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same reciprocal connexion with the relations of the husband. It is used in contradistinction to consanguinity. (q.v.) It is no real kindred.
     2. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my brothers, sisters, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity: This will appear by the following paradigms


     My wife's father ---|
     | |
     | |
     -----------------| |
     | | |-- are all allied to me. Ego ----- My Wife My wife's sister ---|
     | |
     My wife's niece ---|
     My wife's father ---|
     My Father | | |My brother
     | | | |and my wife's
     | | | |sister are
    |---------------| |----------| |not allied
    | | | | |to each other My brother Ego ---- My wife, My wife's sister |


     3. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of husband and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity. See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296; Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R. 72; article Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
He is a frequently published author and is the recipient of 38 United States Patents in the areas of biosensor design, chemical affinity technologies, separation science, surface engineering, and protein sequencing.
Separation of the material being eluted occurs because of its varying chemical affinity for the column packing material, as in gas chromatography.
announced today the release of numerous new products in their Versalinx(TM) Chemical Affinity Technology line for proteomic assay development.
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Versalinx Chemical Affinity Technology utilizes the specific interaction between two small, synthetic molecules -- rather than biomolecules -- as affinity binding components.
The company has commercialized a number of proprietary technologies including Versalinx Chemical Affinity Tools, a synthetic chemical affinity technology targeted at the proteomics and genomics markets, and Versalinx Protein Microarray Technology, a novel open platform array system specifically designed to enable developments in the emerging protein array market.
Versalinx Protein Microarray Technology is an open-platform array system that utilizes a synthetic chemical affinity surface chemistry based upon the reversible complexation of phenyl(di)boronic acid (P(D)BA) with salicylhydroxamic acid (SHA).
Under the terms of the agreement, Prolinx has non-exclusive access to the Symyx polymer to be used in combination with the Prolinx Versalinx(TM) Chemical Affinity Tools surface chemistry technology for use in its proteomics product pipeline.

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