Chirograph


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Related to Chirograph: chirographic, chirography

CHIROGRAPH, conveyancing. Signifies a deed or public instrument in writing. Chirographs were anciently attested by the subscription and crosses of witnesses; afterwards, to prevent frauds and concealments, deeds of mutual covenant were made in a script and rescript, or in a part and counterpart; and in the middle, between the two copies, they drew the capital letters of the alphabet, and then tallied, or cut asunder in an indented manner, the sheet or skin of parchment, one of which parts being delivered to each of the parties, were proved authentic by matching with and answering to one another. Deeds thus made were denominated syngrapha, by the canonists, because that word, instead of the letters of the alphabet, or the word chirographum, was used. 2 Bl. Com. 296. This method of preventing counterfeiting, or of detecting counterfeits, is now used by having some ornament or some word engraved or printed at one end of certificates of stocks, checks, and a variety of other instruments, which are bound up in a book, and after they are executed, are cut asunder through such ornament or word.
     2. Chirograph is also the last part of, a fine of land, commonly called the foot of the fine. It is an instrument of writing beginning with these. words: "This is the final agreement," &c. It includes the whole matter, reciting the parties, day, year and place, and before Whom the fine was acknowledged and levied. Cruise, Dig. tit. 35, c. 2, s. 52. Vide Chambers' Diet. h.t.; Encyclopaedia Americana, Charter; Encyclopedie de D'Alembert, h.t.; Pothier, Pand. tom. xxii. p. 73.

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With the Chirograph of July 18, 2013, the COSEA (Pontifical Commission for Reference on the Organization of the Economic-Administrative Structure) was instituted and given the task of research, analysis and the gathering of information, in cooperation with the Council of Cardinals for the study of the organizational and economic problems of the Holy See.
With the Chirograph of March 22, 2014, the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors was established, in order "to promote the protection of the dignity of minors and vulnerable adults, using the forms and methods, consonant with the nature of the Church, which they consider most appropriate.
for all the contents of the chirograph up to Martinmas in the year of the lord 1292), relates not just to amounts received but for everything owed to the bursar's office.
remaining on the great chirograph, the roll on which all arrears were recorded).
Whereas in previous years the bursar was charged with "all the arrears and debts contained in the great chirograph," in 1318-1319, he accounts only for "receipts from the great chirograph" rather than the total amount of arrears.
From the year 1335-1336, there also remains an indenture listing arrears received which shows that arrears as far back as 1315, presumably from the old chirograph, and also from more recent years between 1329 and 1333 had been collected.
In both chirographs, Truth is transcribed alongside three other Chaucerian lyrics, all of which are untitled.
The author investigates a multitude of primary documents, including papal chirographs, real estate contracts, payment records, memoranda, parish registers, drawings, and the pope's own diary, to reveal the pontiff's complex and thoughtful initiatives.
On other occasions, we see him using legal devices in a fairly sophisticated and deliberate manner, as when in 1292 he and others of the most important villagers openly published indentured chirographs made between themselves and Henry Crane: Bacon MS.