Circuit Court

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Circuit Court

A specific tribunal that possesses the legal authority to hear cases within its own geographical territory.

A circuit court is ordinarily an inferior trial-level court; appeals are heard by superior courts possessing the requisite jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of a circuit court generally extends over a number of counties or districts wherein the court sits.

The name circuit court can be traced historically to the period when a single judge rode the circuit to hold trials in each county within the designated territory. In geographical locations with small populations, this method of dispensing justice eliminates the expense of providing every small village with its own judiciary.

Circuit Court

the court in the Republic of Ireland above the District Court, which has both civil and criminal jurisdiction. The country is divided into eight circuits, in each of which there are several towns in which the court sits. In civil matters the judge hears cases without a jury, can award compensation and deal with issues relating to land where the rateable value of the land does not exceed ₠252.95. As a criminal court, it can deal with indictable offences referred to it by the District Court, when a judge sits with a jury. Certain serious criminal cases, of which the most common are murder and rape, may only be tried in the Central Criminal Court in Dublin. The Circuit Court hears appeals in both criminal and civil cases from the District Court, which take the form of a rehearing of the case. Appeals from the decisions of a circuit judge in a civil case are to the High Court and from it to the Supreme Court. In a criminal case, appeal is to the Court of Criminal Appeal and then the Supreme Court. The Circuit Court handles appeals from the Labour Court, Unfair Dismissals Tribunal and the Employment Appeals Tribunal.

CIRCUIT COURT. The name of a court of the United States, which has both civil and criminal jurisdiction. In several of the states there are courts which bear this name. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mellis easily could be identified as a person of interest in this case did not change the nature of the legal determination that the circuit court was required to make under the statute.
The San Francisco-based 9th Circuit Court has become widely known as the "9th Circus Court" because of its activist judges.
The policy behind the limited review afforded by common law certiorari is closely connected with the role of a circuit court as a court of final appellate jurisdiction for cases arising out of county court.
The circuit court affirmed the Tax Court's decision, holding that the corn sales were not installment sales.
The Ninth Circuit Court ruling in November 2005 said it wasn't commenting on the wisdom of administering the survey or asking children questions about sex.
First, the circuit court concluded that there were critical issues still to be resolved with respect to the preventive and corrective polices the PSP had in place to address harassment.
The circuit court noted that the destroyer of the records that Nation-Wide needed for its case--namely, the counsel for Forest Hill Distributors--had been given previous notice.
The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, which has jurisdiction over California and eight other Western states, issued a stay of its own decision in March to allow for the Elk Grove district's petition to the Supreme Court.
Circuit Court of Appeals in California sent a challenge to the law back to the trial court, saying the trial judge, who issued a temporary injunction to stop the law, must re-examine whether the Holocaust Victim Insurance Relief Act of 1999 should be implemented.
Creating one of the first truly regionalized legal systems in the nation, the Circuit Court for Baltimore City beginning June 14 will embark on an extensive electronic filing ("e-filing") project for civil documents.
Gore's lawyers asked a Florida Circuit Court in Tallahassee to hand-count more than 13,000 ballots from Miami-Dade and Palm Beach counties.
Circuit Court of Appeals; Alex Kozinski on the Ninth; Ralph Winter on the Second; J.