Civil War

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Civil War

Civil war exists when two or more opposing parties within a country resort to arms to settle a conflict or when a substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within International Law distinctions are drawn between minor conflicts like riots, where order is restored promptly, and full-scale insurrections finding opposing parties in political as well as military control over different areas. When an internal conflict reaches sufficient proportions that the interests of other countries are affected, outside states may recognize a state of insurgency. A recognition of insurgency, whether formal or de facto, indicates that the recognizing state regards the insurgents as proper contestants for legitimate power. Although the precise status of insurgents under international law is not well-defined, recognized insurgents traditionally gain the protection afforded soldiers under international rules of law pertaining to war. A state may also decide to recognize the contending group as a belligerent, a status that invokes more well-defined rights and responsibilities. Once recognized as a belligerent party, that party obtains the rights of a belligerent party in a public war, or war between opposing states. The belligerents stand on a par with the parent state in the conduct and settlement of the conflict. In addition, states recognizing the insurgents as belligerents must assume the duties of neutrality toward the conflict.

Cross-references

U.S. Civil War; War.

References in periodicals archive ?
The residents of Akkar should stay unified and abort attempts to cause civil strife among them in this region, which is known for coexistence and tolerance among all sects," Machnouk said in a statement issued by his office.
Pen Samitthy, president of the club and editor-in-chief of Rasmei Kampuchea, the leading Khmer-language newspaper, told participants the lecture was important for journalists in Cambodia, which has suffered from decades of civil strife and conflicts, as most are unfamiliar with coverage of economic issues.
There followed the French invasion of Milan, the civil strife in Pistoia, the threat to Florentine security posed by the forces of Cesare Borgia, and the death of Pope Alexander VI and the election of his successor, Julius II.
Caritas, a Catholic relief agency, plans to transport some 27 tons of food and water supplies to help feed an estimated one million refugees fleeing civil strife in their homeland.
But CRS is also on the forefront of sustainable human development, working with communities and local partners to tackle the root causes of poverty and civil strife.
The Army operations came as Prime Minister Tammam Salam met with the families of the hostages and urged unity and self-restraint in the face of civil strife, describing the enemies Lebanon is facing as "vicious monsters.
BRUSSELS, July 28 (KUNA) -- Dutch nationals are being urged to leave Libya and travellers warned not to visit the country in transit because of the civil strife there and the embassy of the Netherlands in Tripoli is preparing to shut down, Dutch media Monday reported.
The assassination of Wissam Abulkil aims to incite civil strife and undermine the security and the stability of the refugee camp," the committee's secretary Abed Maqdah said.
In a letter sent to the CHP, Turkish foreign ministry underlined worsening security conditions in Iraq as car bombs have ravaged the country, signals a return to ferocious civil strife that thorn the country apart in 2007-2008.
And there no better way than awakening civil strife to demolish the state and strike at its constituents, especially as the outcome of 30 years of Mubarak's rule has produced large numbers of balatgiya, as well circumstances that would help to ignite strife.
Chief of the Lebanese army, Jean Kahwaji, said that his military institution "will not allow political disagreements between Lebanese factions to give way to civil strife in the country," The Beirut daily AN NAHAR reported Friday.
Again, Senegal has never witnessed civil strife or wars.

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