Seizure

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Related to Clonic seizure: Myoclonic seizure, Tonic clonic seizure

Seizure

Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

seizure

n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

See: adverse possession, apprehension, appropriation, arrest, arrogation, assault, disseisin, forfeiture, garnishment, infringement, levy, occupation, onset, plunder, possession, sequestration, taking

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

References in periodicals archive ?
however, induced a dose-dependent decrease in the incidence of both minimal clonic seizures (MCS) (145.
6] The types of epilepsy encountered in autistic patients cover the full spectrum of seizure types, including infantile spasms, complex partial seizures, absence seizures (typical and atypical), generalized tonic clonic seizures and myoclonic seizures.
If a generalized tonic clonic seizure lasts longer than five to ten minutes, medical intervention is needed, either by administering rectal diazepam (see "Advanced" first aid) or via emergency medical services.
This study estimated the incremental Budget Impact (BI) of utilizing perampanel to treat primary generalized tonic clonic seizures (PGTC) patients in addition to existing partial-onset seizures (POS) in patients who are 12 years of age and older in the US using a budget impact model.
Because the plant extract could affect on generalized tonic and clonic seizures induced by picrotoxin (because significant effects and the possibility of involvement of GABA-A receptors in the anticonvulsant effects of poppy seed extract exists [2, 10, 19].
Seizures occur as unilateral clonic seizures repeating frequently or lasting for two hours-two days without interruption and do not recur.
The resultant seizures were scored as follows: Stage 0 (no response); Stage 1 (hyperactivity, restlessness and vibrissae twitching); Stage 2 (head nodding, head clonus and myoclonic jerks); Stage 3 (unilateral or bilateral limb clonus); Stage 4 (forelimb clonic seizures); Stage 5 (generalized clonic seizures with falling).
Other types of generalized seizures are: tonic seizures which involve muscie rigidity but are not followed by a clonic phase; clonic seizures which involve violent rhythmic contractions but is not preceded by tonic phase; myoclonic seizures in which a person has brief involuntary jerking of the torso or extremities; and atonic seizures in which the skeletal muscles lose all tone causing the person to suddenly drop to the floor.
But in fact these convulsive or tonic clonic seizures as they are known, are only one of around 40 different types of epileptic seizure.