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In real estate transactions, an assurance or guaranty of title made by the holder of the title to the person to whom the property is conveyed.
Such a Warranty is not the same as a Covenant running with the land, since it runs only to a particular convenantee who accepts the land from the holder of title and not to each successive owner of the land upon taking ownership of it.
COLLATERAL WARRANTY, contracts, descent. Where the heir's title to the land
neither was, nor could have been, derived from the warranting ancestor; and
yet barred the heir from ever claiming the land, and also imposed upon him
the same obligation of giving the warrantee other lands, in case of
eviction, as if the warranty were lineal, provided the heir had assets. 4
Cruise, Real Prop. 436.
2. The doctrine of collateral warranty, is, according to Justice Story, one of the most unjust, oppressive and indefensible, in the whole range of the common law. 1 Sumn. R. 262.
3. By the statute of 4 & 5 Anne, c. 16, Sec. 21, all collateral warranties of any land to be made after a certain day, by any ancestor who has no estate of inheritance in possession in the same, were made void against the heir. This Statute has been reenacted in New. York; 4 Kent, Com. 460, 3d ed.; and in New Jersey. 3 Halst. R. 106. It has been adopted and is in force in Rhode Island; 1 Sumn. R. 235; and in Delaware. Harring. R. 50. In Kentucky and Virginia, it seems that collateral warranty binds the heir to the extent of assets descended. 1 Dana, R. 59. In Pennsylvania, collateral warranty of the ancestor, with sufficient real assets descending to the heirs, bars them from recovering the lands warranted. 4 Dall. R. 168; 2 Yeates, R. 509; 9 S. & R. 275. See 1 Sumn. 262; 3 Halst. 106; Harring. 50; 3 Rand. 549; 9 S. & R. 275; 4 Dall. 168; 2 Yeates, 509; 1 Dana, 50.