collective action

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But theoretically it is useful to know how the offensive or defensive nature of a group can affect the collective action problem.
The list of examples belonging to the former category is admittedly much longer, but this should not be surprising, since it is a well-known and well-understood fact that overcoming the collective action problem is much easier for roving bandits than for aspiring market entrepreneurs (Olson, [1965] 1971).
And in each case, African governments and the wider international community are failing to put in place the multilateral rules needed to combat what is a global collective action problem," it said.
states" can be fairly ranked as a collective action problem.
It explores the relationship between the three in the context of Cyprus and identifies Cypriot society as one that first and foremost results in what can be called a collective action problem, hampering reform, an outcome of poor levels of trust, of corruption and of a poor quality of government," the press release said.
30) When it comes to collective action problem, the mere fact of having equal chance to influence each other is not enough.
Under the restrictions imposed by these limits, Congress may not use its commerce power: (1) to regulate noneconomic subject matter; (2) to impose a regulation that violates constitutional rights, including the right to bodily integrity; (3) to regulate at all, including by imposing a mandate, unless it reasonably believes that the regulation will ameliorate a significant collective action problem involving multiple states; or (4) to impose an economic mandate unless it reasonably believes that other regulatory means would be less effective or more coercive.
To be sure, there is still a collective action problem at the heart of this type of urban commons tragedy, which could be responsive to either more assertive public control or private property rights.
The obstacles posed by this collective action problem can only be overcome if individuals are given a personal stake in an issue's outcome; this is usually done through party organizations, which can forge inter-personal links among their members.
Climate Strategies is an international research organisation which aims to assist governments in solving the collective action problem of climate change.
This framework will reinforce the objective of sound supervision and bank governance and address the collective action problem that has prevented some banks from curtailing distributions such as discretionary bonuses and high dividends, even in the face of deteriorating capital positions.

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