collision

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Related to Collisions: Elastic Collisions

Collision

The violent contact of one vehicle—such as an automobile, ship, or boat—with another vehicle.

Collision insurance is a type of policy that motorists purchase to cover property losses in the event of a car accident.

A collision that does not result from the Negligence of either vessel involved is considered to be an inevitable accident. In the event of an inevitable accident, neither party is liable to the other, but each bears his or her own individual losses. Exclusion from fault is ordinarily determined with reference to the safeguards observed by the parties to the inevitable accident.

collision

(Accident), noun concussion, contact, crash, encounter, impact, impingement, jar, jolt, meeting, percussion, pileup, shock, striking together, sudden contact, violent contact
Associated concepts: avoidable collision, collision auto innurance, collisions by carriers

collision

(Dispute), noun affray, altercation, battle, clash, combat, concursio, concursus, conflict, contention, contradiction, contrariety, counteraction, discord, disputation, embroilment, encounter, fight, fracas, fray, friction, hostility, interference, mêlée, opposition, resistence, skirmish
See also: altercation, antipode, conflict, confrontation, meeting

COLLISION, maritime law. It takes place when two ships or other vessels run foul of each other, or when one runs foul of the other. In such cases there is almost. always a damage incurred.
     2. There are four possibilities under which an accident of this sort may occur. 1. It may happen without blame being imputable to either party, as when the loss is occasioned by a storm, or any other vis major; in that case the loss must be borne by the party on whom it happens to light, the other not being responsible to him in, any degree.
     3. - 2. Both parties may be to blame, as when there has been a want of due diligence or of skill on both sides; in such cases, the loss must be apportioned between them, as having been occasioned by the fault of both of them. 6 Whart. R. 311..
     4. - 3. The suffering party may have been the cause of the injury, then he must bear the loss.
     5. - 4. It may have been the fault of the ship which ran down the other; in this case the injured party would be entitled to an entire compensation from the other. 2 Dodson's Rep. 83, 85; 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320; 1 How. S. C. R. 89. The same rule is applied to steamers.. Id. 414.
     6. - 5. Another case has been put, namely, when there has been some fault or neglect, but on which side the blame lies, is uncertain. In this case, it does not appear to be settled whether the loss shall be apportioned or borne by the suffering party opinions on this subject are divided.
     7. A collision between two ships on the high seas, whether it be the result of accident or negligence, is, in all cases, to be deemed a peril of the seas within the meaning of a policy of insurance. 2 Story, R. 176; 3 Sumn. R. 889. Vide, generally, Story, Bailm. Sec. 607 to 612; Marsh.. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 2; Wesk. Ins. art. Running Foul; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, B. 4, c. 1; 4 Taunt. 126; 2 Chit. Pr. 513, 535; Code de Com. art. 407; Boulay- Paty, Cours de Dr. Commercial, tit. 12, s. 6; Pard. n. 652 to 654; Pothier, Avaries, n. 155; 1 Emerig. Assur. ch. 12, Sec. 14.

References in periodicals archive ?
Yet the theme of Cosmic Collisions was that every crash, despite the initial destruction, eventually brings about something new.
The most recent statistics from January through September 2006 showed 7,759 injury collisions and 114 cyclist fatalities.
Streamers of stars created by the collision would have been visible for million of years.
The new system, which can help lessen the severity of injuries caused by frontal; crash sensors, which monitor acceleration changes; and an ECU, which performs calculations to instantly determine when a collision is occurring.
When the access control involves contention among nodes, the collision of packets transmitted by different nodes is possible; MAC schemes based on contention access require a random access scheduling method, such as a backoff algorithm, to schedule transmissions randomly in order to reduce the probability of collisions.
Though the proliferation of sensors on vehicle chassis have arguably given them the sense of touch, the eyes and ears of the driver are still the primary source of information needed to avoid collisions.
The behaviors with the largest observed variance between oil, gas and propane drivers with no collisions and those with one or more collisions were:
According to CHP statistics, more than 31 percent of all fatal collisions in California in 2004 involved drunk drivers.
New observations of one of the sun's brightest neighboring stars show that the debris disk surrounding it contains much fine dust, probably from recent collisions between massive objects near the star.
Researchers at NIST have solved a long-standing problem by constructing a quantitative model of collisions of ultracold cesium atoms.
While drivers with one or more collisions represent fewer than 6% of all utilities drivers in the study, more than 64% were consistently cited for five poor driving behaviors.
The only way to produce as much dust as we are seeing in these older stars is through huge [recent] collisions," says George Rieke of the University of Arizona in Tucson.