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An agreement between two or more people to defraud a person of his or her rights or to obtain something that is prohibited by law.

A secret arrangement wherein two or more people whose legal interests seemingly conflict conspire to commit Fraud upon another person; a pact between two people to deceive a court with the purpose of obtaining something that they would not be able to get through legitimate judicial channels.

Collusion has often been used in Divorce proceedings. In the past some jurisdictions made it extremely difficult for a couple to obtain a divorce. Often a "sweetheart" agreement would take place, whereby a husband or wife would commit, or appear to commit, Adultery or other acts that would justify a divorce. The public policy against collusive divorces is based on the idea that such actions would conflict with the effective administration by society of laws on marriage and divorce and would undermine marriage as a stabilizing force in society.

Virtually all jurisdictions have adopted no-fault divorce statutes or laws that allow a couple to obtain a divorce without traditional fault grounds, such as adultery or cruel and inhuman treatment. Because of this development, collusive divorces should diminish in number, since it will no longer be necessary for persons seeking a divorce to resort to such measures.

The fundamental societal objection to collusion is that it promotes dishonesty and fraud, which, in turn, undermines the integrity of the entire judicial system.


n. where two persons (or business entities through their officers or other employees) enter into a deceitful agreement, usually secret, to defraud and/or gain an unfair advantage over a third party, competitors, consumers or those with whom they are negotiating. Collusion can include secret price or wage fixing, secret rebates, or pretending to be independent of each other when actually conspiring together for their joint ends. It can range from small-town shopkeepers or heirs to a grandma's estate, to gigantic electronics companies or big league baseball team owners. (See: fraud)


noun abetment, act of working together, agreement, agreement for fraud, alliance, association, cabal, chicanery, coadjuvancy, coagency, collaboration, combination for fraud, combined operation, complicity, complot, concert, concord, concurrence, confederacy, conjunction, conlusio, connivance, conspiracy, contrivance, contriving, cooperation, cooperation for fraud, counterplot, covin, deceit, deceitful agreement, deceitful compact, deceitfulness, deception, duplicity, foul play, fraud, fraudulence, guile, hoax, illegal pact, intrigue, intriguery, joint effort, joint planning, junction, knavery, league, liaison, participation, participation in fraud, perfidy, plotting, praevaricatio, schemery, scheming, secret association, secret fraudulent understanding, secret unnerstanding, secret understanding for fraud, synergism, treachery, trickery, underhand dealing, underplot, union
Associated concepts: collusion in divorcing a spouse, colluuion in obtaining the grounds of a divorce, collusion in procurement of a judgment, collusion to create diversity of citizenship, collusive action, collusive effort, collusive suit, connivance, conspiracy
See also: bad faith, bribery, cabal, coaction, confederacy, connivance, conspiracy, contribution, contrivance, deceit, fraud, machination, plot


a deceitful or unlawful agreement. In England it is not a bar to an action of divorce. In Scotland it is still a defence to an action of divorce.

COLLUSION, fraud. An agreement between two or more persons, to defraud a person of his rights by the forms of law, or to obtain an object forbidden by law; as, for example, where the husband and wife collude to obtain a divorce for a cause not authorized by law. It is nearly synonymous with @covin. (q.v.)
     2. Collusion and fraud of every kind vitiate all acts which are infected with them, and render them void. Vide Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 416, 450; 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 130, 133; 2 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 51; Bousq. Dict. de Dr. mot Abordage.

References in periodicals archive ?
Abstract: In this paper we analyze how the technology used by downstream firms can influence input and output market prices resulting from collusive agreements between some downstream and upstream firms.
We test propositions that firms can arrange their capital structure in such a way as to publicly demonstrate compliance with a collusive agreement.
As soon as a new firm enters the market, the collusive agreement dissolves and prices will be driven below the pre-entry competitive level.
This will impede the creation or enforcement of any collusive agreement.
In effect, the class group may be viewed as entering a collusive agreement in which each student studies and takes the quiz.
IC]) by unilateral deviation from the collusive agreement.
Under the Competition Act, the CCM has the license to investigate collusive agreements, monopoly and mergers, initiate action against identified anti-competitive practices and undertake general studies on the effectiveness of competition in different sectors of the economy.
Among his topics are understanding the approaches and complexities of collusive agreements, the dawn of the competition principle in Western Europe 1945-62, deployment and combat 1963-68, and the internationalization of cartel policy and the challenges ahead.
It's very easy for those who engage in unlawful collusive agreements to say it made no difference," said Roth.
In the world of illegal arrangements--such as offering or accepting bribes, or making collusive agreements to limit competition--participants risk legal and financial repercussions if one party to the deal proves untrustworthy.
Such relationships allow coalitions of workers to establish and maintain collusive agreements for a variety of reasons.