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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
The implementation guidance provides examples of how to account for different business combinations and explanations of topics, such as definition of a business; measuring the fair value of the acquiree; intangible assets; illustration of disclosure requirements; and reverse acquisitions.
Indirect and general expenses related to business combinations are expensed as incurred.
Those new criteria, and other changes to the purchase method of accounting, will apply to any business combination completed after June 30, 2001, that is accounted for by the purchase method.
7 and 9) published research results in the field of two-component injection molding and rubber-thermoplastics combinations, especially combinations using PPE and polyamide 6.
1 illustrates the basic pass combination, with B and C passing the ball back and forth until A can work free for the ("up") pass from C (first pass).
With state money coming in to reduce class sizes, many Lancaster schools are finding it pays to create combination or multi-grade classrooms.
16 requires identifying the acquiring entity for all business combinations involving more than two entities.
Adherence rates and percentage of patients achieving adherence with a single-pill combination of an antihypertensive and a cholesterol-lowering agent were superior to various multi-pill combination therapies," said Dr.
In September 1999, FASB issued an exposure draft: Business Combinations and Intangible Assets.
He added that there was also little guidance on the drug combinations to use.
In the second set of experiments amount of TEBA was reduced to compare its scorch safety properties with other combinations of synergistic accelerators.
In addition, earlier consensuses on the recognition of liabilities in connection with a purchase business combination are summarized.