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A union of states in which each member state retains some independent control over internal and external affairs. Thus, for international purposes, there are separate states, not just one state. A federation, in contrast, is a union of states in which external affairs are controlled by a unified, central government.

See: affiliation, alliance, association, band, body, cartel, chamber, coalescence, committee, compact, concert, confederacy, consolidation, contribution, federation, integration, league, merger, partnership, party, pool, society, sodality

CONFEDERATION, government. The name given to that form of government which the American colonies, on shaking off the British yoke, devised for their mutual safety and government.
     2. The articles of confederation, (q.v.) were finally adopted on the 15th of November, 1777, and with the exception of Maryland, which, however, afterwards also agreed to them, were speedily adopted by the United States, and by which they were formed into a federal @bod y, and went into force on the first day of March, 1781; 1 Story Const. Sec. 225; and so remained until the adoption of the present constitution, which acquired the force of the supreme law of the land on the first Wednesday of March, 1789. 5 Wheat. R. 420. Vide Articles of Confederation.

References in periodicals archive ?
e, both products and markets), thus forcefully reinforcing both the internal cohesiveness and the external geo-political leverage of the confederation.
Confederation Freezers is pleased to announce a 50,000 sq.
The delegation from the Japanese Trade Union Confederation, or Rengo, has reached the agreement with the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, he said.
The Iroquois Confederation, made up of the Onondaga and other area tribes, was centered in which Colony?
According to the main voice for the paper industry in the UK, the Confederation of Paper Industries (CPI), power prices and the impact of new energy-related regulations are having such an impact on producers that many are seriously worried about how it will impact the bottom line.
The Confederation of Japan Automobile Workers' Unions said Wednesday it will give up seeking a unified basic monthly wage hike during this spring's wage talks and will demand only regular hikes in the seniority-based pay scale.
Prince Edward Islanders are strongly opposed to Confederation, mostly because they believe it will lead to higher taxes.
Later this month, the Hiroshima Prefectural Confederation of A-bomb Sufferers Organizations will start sending out questionnaires to about 150 victims, known as hibakusha, and their children living in Hiroshima City, the officials said.
Grete Gautvik, Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry, Aft.
When reminded that many Canadians are poor, feel marginalized and in need, President Dorey acknowledged this but said: "That's not our struggle (which) goes back to the historic relationship that the first peoples of this country have; and it's acknowiedged in treaties and in Confederation (the BNA), in provincial legislation (the Manitoba Act), and in the Constitution.
Japan's largest confederation of labor unions decided Wednesday to establish an employment service company to provide job-search services for the unemployed, union officials said.
Clive Benfield, chairman of the Coventry-based Benfield Group, was this week being joined by colleagues from the Construction Confederation at the EU headquarters in Strasbourg.

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