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A union of states in which each member state retains some independent control over internal and external affairs. Thus, for international purposes, there are separate states, not just one state. A federation, in contrast, is a union of states in which external affairs are controlled by a unified, central government.

See: affiliation, alliance, association, band, body, cartel, chamber, coalescence, committee, compact, concert, confederacy, consolidation, contribution, federation, integration, league, merger, partnership, party, pool, society, sodality

CONFEDERATION, government. The name given to that form of government which the American colonies, on shaking off the British yoke, devised for their mutual safety and government.
     2. The articles of confederation, (q.v.) were finally adopted on the 15th of November, 1777, and with the exception of Maryland, which, however, afterwards also agreed to them, were speedily adopted by the United States, and by which they were formed into a federal @bod y, and went into force on the first day of March, 1781; 1 Story Const. Sec. 225; and so remained until the adoption of the present constitution, which acquired the force of the supreme law of the land on the first Wednesday of March, 1789. 5 Wheat. R. 420. Vide Articles of Confederation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the issues were infrastructure-related: four of the six host stadiums for the Confederations Cup were completed shortly before the beginning of the competition, well behind schedule.
Summary: The Confederations Cup, held amid unprecedented social turmoil, shed light on a new face of .
Summary: CAIRO - The FIFA Confederations Cup, which kicked off in Brazil on Saturday, is offering a big preparation opportunity for the participating teams ahead of the 2014 World Cup, according to Egyptian soccer gurus.
Live football from Group A at the FIFA Confederations Cup in Brazil.
Almost 250,000 Confederations Cup tickets bought on the internet by Brazilian fans have not been collected with only two days until the tournament starts, FIFA's general secretary said on Thursday.
Kia Motors Corporation has announced that it will provide 198 passenger cars to ensure efficient and smooth transportation during the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, an international association football tournament to be held in Brazil as a prelude to the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
Le selectionneur francais de la Zambie, Herve Renard, decu par la sortie prematuree des Chipolopolos de la Coupe d'Afrique des Nations apres leur nul face au Burkina Faso (0-0), n'a pas mache ses mots envers la Confederation africaine de football qui a decide de faire participer le vainqueur de la CAN-2013 a la Coupe des Confederations au Bresil.
Call to establish 3 confederations in Iraq, Kurdish Party ARBIL/ Aswat al-Iraq: Kurdish Socialist Democratic Party called for forming three confederations in Iraq to get rid of current crises.
This is why Podkrepa insists that he National Council for Tripartite Cooperatio, which brings together the government, trade union confederations and employer organizations, should be summoned as soon as possible.
Harb made the remarks after receiving a delegation representing 14 confederations opposed to the G.
Confederations plan to stage a protest to "stop daily life" on May 26.
USA beat Spain in the semifinals and were within 45 minutes of stunning Brazil in the final, but their gallant runners-up spot at the Confederations Cup has hardly caused a murmur with the majority of the bookmaking industry regarding their chances at next summer's World Cup in South Africa.

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