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The reason for the occurrence of this type of diaphragmatic hernia is congenital defect of the diaphragm between its sternal and costal parts.
DISCUSSION: Births with congenital defects were commonly found to occur among normal births and the incidence calculated was 1.
The incidences of these types of congenital defects are very exceptional and reported in sheep (Monfared et al.
2,3,4,5,6) Mental retardation and association with other congenital defects are often seen in this group, in which chromosomal aberrations are the most frequent etiology.
It's not always clear why or how congenital defects develop, but they are sometimes the result of injury to the fetus during pregnancy, such as the result of an expectant mother's use of drugs or tobacco.
Congenital defects in the mesentery have been described as an uncommon pathology, presented mainly in the pediatric population [9] and these are very rare in adults.
Veterinary specialists from the US, Australia, and Italy address kennel and cattery management and nutrition; assessment of fetal well-being and gestational age; neonatal resuscitation, physiology, behavior, socialization, and disorders of dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, rats, mice, hedgehogs, sugar gliders, and chinchillas; congenital defects and genetic counseling; and management of orphan puppies and kittens.
Minor congenital defects like cleft lip and plate and club feet etc can be left as such.
The congenital defects of lacrimal apparatus are congenital absence of lacrimal gland, congenital fistula of lacrimal gland, atresia of the lacrimal punctum, atresia of the canaliculi, mucocele of the lacrimal sac but most common malformation is congenital blockage of nasolacrimal duct which may be complete or partial and is bilateral in 1/3 of cases.
The reason why so many children in the UAE have congenital defects is because of various reasons because of genetics and also because of inter-family marriages, he said.
The surgeons who carry out the pioneering work on youngsters are the same as those who perform often life-saving operations for older people with congenital defects.
Their babies are also more likely to be affected by congenital defects, such as spina bifida, heart and kidney problems.

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