contradiction

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contradiction

noun adverseness, antipathy, assertion of the contrary, assertion of the opposite, conflicting evidence, confutation, contradistinction, contraposition, contraries, contrariety, contrariness, contrary assertion, contrast, contravention, controversy, counteraccusation, counteraction, counterargument, countercharge, counterevidence, counterstatement, defiance, denunciation, difference of opinion, direct opposite, disaccord, disagreement, discord, discrepantia, disproof, dispute, dissension, dissent, divergent opinion, incongruity, inconsistency, negative evidence, opposite extreme, oppositeness, opposites, opposition, other extreme, rebuttal, rebutting evidence, refutal, refutation, rejoinder, variance
Associated concepts: contradiction in terms, contradiction of a witness, contradiction of a writing, impeachment of a witness
See also: antipode, antithesis, collision, conflict, confutation, contradistinction, contraposition, contrary, contravention, counterargument, denial, difference, disaccord, disagreement, disapproval, discrepancy, disparity, dispute, dissidence, exception, impugnation, incongruity, inconsistency, negation, objection, opposition, paradox, reaction, repudiation, retraction

CONTRADICTION. The incompatibility, contrariety, and evident opposition of two ideas, which are the subject of one and the same proposition.
     2. In general, when a party accused of a crime contradicts himself, it is presumed he does so because he is guilty for truth does not contradict itself, and is always consistent, whereas falsehood is in general inconsistent and the truth of some known facts will contradict the falsehood of those which are falsely alleged to be true. But there must still be much caution used by the judge, as there may be sometimes apparent contradictions which arise either from the timidity, the ignorance, or the inability of the party to explain himself, when in fact he tells the truth.
    3. When a witness contradicts himself as to something which is important in the case, his testimony will be much weakened, or it may be entirely discredited and when he relates a story of facts which he alleges passed only in his presence, and he is contradicted as to other facts which are known to others, his credit will be much impaired.
     4. When two witnesses, or other persons, state things directly opposed to each other, it is the duty of the judge or jury to reconcile these apparent contradictions; but when this cannot be done, the more improbable statement must be rejected; or, if both are entitled to the same credit, then the matter is as if no proof had been given. See Circumstances.

References in classic literature ?
A lady who looks the picture of health; a lady who suffers from a complicated nervous malady; and a lady whose hand is steady enough to use her needle and thread -- is a living mass of contradictions I don't quite understand.
On the contrary, it would tempt me were I any other man," rejoined Aramis; "but I repeat, I am made up of contradictions.
When the supercilious and vapid point out faults, they ever run into contradictions and folly; it is only under the lash of the discerning and the experienced, that we betray by our writhings the power of the blow we receive.
Grant endeavored to steer a middle course between the mystical doctrines of those sublimated creeds which daily involve their professors in the most absurd contradictions, and those fluent roles of moral government which would reduce the Saviour to a level with the teacher of a school of ethics.
If one could have kept a record of one's physical sensations it would have been a fine collection of absurdities and contradictions.
There were contradictions like this in Tita Bordereau which, as I observed later, contributed to make her an odd and affecting person.
And if it come so to pass, in that distance of judgment, which is between man and man, shall we not think that God above, that knows the heart, doth not discern that frail men, in some of their contradictions, intend the same thing; and accepteth of both?
The medical evidence involved no contradictions, the doctor, whom Seymour had summoned on the spot, agreeing with the eminent surgeon who had later examined the body.
All the contradictions in the character rang true: the humour, the pathos, the surface vanity covering a real diffidence, the strength and weakness fighting one another.
I wonder the very paving-stones opposite our house can have the patience to stay there and be a witness of such inconsistencies and contradictions as all that sounding nonsense, and Ma's management
We must reconcile the contradictions as we can, but their discord and their concord introduce wild absurdities into our thinking and speech.
I was puzzled by the contradictions that I saw in her behaviour.