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[Latin, Court.] A judicial tribunal or court convened in the sovereign's palace to dispense justice. A court that exercised jurisdiction over civil matters, as distinguished from religious matters, which were determined by ecclesiastical courts, a system of courts in England that were held by authority of the sovereign and had jurisdiction over matters concerning the religion and ritual of the established church.

In England the tribunal of the king's justice was the curia regis, so named because the king originally presided over its proceedings.

See: bar, board, court

CURIA. A court of justice.

References in periodicals archive ?
The context in which the Second Vatican Council discussed the papacy and the Roman Curia is formed by a complex of issues surrounding the problem of church government in the late 20th century, after the "long 19th century," the shock of nationalisms, the two world wars, and the Cold War.
We're sure that this pope has a great deal of affection and love for the institutions of the Church, and the members of the Curia itself.
71) To my knowledge no sermons preached to the laity in Orvieto in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century are extant, though because of the repeated presence of the papal curia great theologians did teach there, including Albertus Magnus and Aquinas himself, who served as lector in the Dominican convent in Orvieto during the sojourn of Urban IV.
They also went out of their sheltered life and faced the real world that Jesus faced and recaptured the agenda for which Jesus died, because the church authority of that time were a group much like today's Curia.
We always knew that Julius Caesar was killed in the Curia of Pompey on March 15th 44 BC because the classical texts pass on so, but so far no material evidence of this fact, so often depicted in historicist painting and cinema, had been recovered," said Antonio Monterroso, CSIC researcher from the Institute of History of the Center for Humanities and Social Sciences (CCHS-CSIC).
The Curia was a venue in which strong personalities could have great effect; at the same time, the frequent changes in administration often meant quick shifts in political direction and administrative style, from reform to reaction and back again.
The Apostolic Penitentiary, a branch of the Roman Curia, disbursed spiritual "graces " especially dispensations, and dealt with censures reserved to the Holy See.
As things stand, the 4,600 functionaries of the Roman Curia (cf.
There is stagnation in the curia,'' the high-level papal bureaucracy, Politi said.
A high-ranking Vatican official recently voiced serious doubts about the need to reform the Roman Curia.
Pope Francis has hand picked an international group of Cardinals to assist him in reforming the Roman Curia.
Spain also carefully built up a patronage system binding the papal Curia and Roman nobility to the crown, while supporting and promoting a sizeable and distinctly "Spanish" (as opposed to Caralan, Castilian or Portuguese) community in Rome.