In BP, unlike English, the dative
alternation is still quite rare (26), and in both languages verbs do not encode that the moving entity reachs an ending point.
In (34) and (35) from the Peterborough Chronicle the dative
occurs with bed, while in (36) from Charter 1428 we find the unambiguous accusative.
VERB, PREP, Nominative COUNT, Genitive COUNT, Dative
COUNT, Accusative COUNT, Instrumental COUNT, Locative COUNT.
For Dolgan, it is also known that the transition has taken place comparatively late as there are indeed examples for the use of the dative
case in earlier texts: (24)
The topic of dative
alternation has been investigated in Spanish (Cuervo, 2007; Perpinan & Montrul, 2006) and English (Oh, 2010; Oh & Zubizarreta, 2006a, b; Whong-Barr & Schwartz, 2002) as second languages.
In 2(b) the verb aya "came" is also intransitive so its subject takes Dative
Data from Czech show that this kind of "se" is structurally different from the non-alternating "se" of anticausative inchoatives as in (1) and reflexives as in (2): Czech marks its equivalent as dative
("si" rather than "se") in similar structures, as can be seen in (17), whereas anticausative inchoatives, as in (19), and reflexives, as in (18), are unmarked.
We offer a detailed account of the subsumption processes of these two verbs into the ditransitive and the dative
constructions; problematic cases are addressed and plausible solutions are proposed.
An answer is provided by recent syntactic analyses proposed within the minimalist framework, in which the Spanish PDC and IODC are assimilated to two alternating dative
constructions in English, the prepositional dative
construction (PDC) and the double object construction (DOC), as in (2a) and (2b), respectively.
complements, just like genitive complements, are also determined by the nature of emotion as the primary criterion of case marking.
Although Knigge believes that the author's German was not good enough to appreciate translation nuances, Hemingway himself suggested the title In einem anderen Land (In Another Country) (although he got his Dative
endings wrong) for the German version of A Farewell to Arms.
German in combining with accusative case to express Goal meaning and with dative
case to express Place: in [die.