declaration of war

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DECLARATION OF WAR. An act of the national legislature, in which a state of war is declared to exist between the United States and some other nation.
     2. This power is vested in congress by the constitution, art. 1, s. 8. There is no form or ceremony necessary, except the passage of the act. A manifesto, stating the causes of the war, is usually published, but war exists as soon as the act takes effect. It was formerly usual to precede hostilities by a public declaration communicated to the enemy, and to send a herald to demand satisfaction. Potter, Antiquities of Greece, b. 3, c. 7; Dig. 49, 15, 24. But that is not the practice of modern times. In some countries, as England, the, power of declaring war is vested in the king, but he has no power to raise men or money to carry it on, which renders the right almost nugatory.
     4. The public proclamation of the government of a state, by which it declares itself to be at war with a foreign power, which is named, and which forbids all and every one to aid or assist the common enemy, is also called a declaration of war.

References in classic literature ?
No one has declared war, but people sympathize with their neighbors' sufferings and are eager to help them," said Sergey Ivanovitch.
I have declared war against no people," he answered.
And when the latter was threatened with extinction, Daylight developed one of the shaded springs into his water-cress garden and declared war upon any invading cattail.
Next day both Germany and the United States declared war, and within an hour the socialists called the general strike in both countries.
For Britain and France and Italy had declared war upon Germany and outraged Swiss neutrality; India, at the sight of Asiatic airships, had broken into a Hindoo insurrection in Bengal and a Mohametan revolt hostile to this in the North-west Provinces--the latter spreading like wildfire from Gobi to the Gold Coast--and the Confederation of Eastern Asia had seized the oil wells of Burmha and was impartially attacking America and Germany.
They both concurred in their censures on her conduct; jointly declared war against her, and directly proceeded to counsel, how to carry it on in the most vigorous manner.
Da Souza unbent a little towards the young women against whom she had declared war.
Upon the ocean of commerce it sailed as a pirate ship; it had hoisted the black flag and declared war upon civilization.
He then formally declared war against Pedro Lopez, the leader of the slave-drivers, enrolled a band of runaway slaves in his service, armed them, and conducted a campaign, which ended by his killing with his own hands the notorious half-breed and breaking down the system which he represented.
Baout three weeks afterwards, old man Hasken he would hev it that the "East Wind" was a commerce-destroyin' man-o'-war, so he declared war on Sable Island because it was Bridish, an' the shoals run aout too far.
Germany believed that it had been done by a submarine, and immediately declared war.
WASHINGTON (CyHAN)- There is no evidence that Bush declared war on Iraq in 2003 in an order established by legislation, according to Lawrence Wilkerson, former chief of staff to former US Secretary of State Colin Powell.