declension

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This can be shown by applying the structural-functional paradigm model to Jakobson's observations of declension class, grammatical gender and reference potential.
But its expression of masculine gender, rather than feminine, signals a change of declension class from the base word, OE earhyd This common word has been converted, with no derivational morphological signalling, to a name: specifically a place name of a particular type.
The choice of theme vowel is a lexical property of nominals and is not predictable from the phonological form or declension class of an item, though the vowel -i appears to have a default status, and tends to be associated with new loans.