Chancellor

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Chancellor

A secretary, secretary of state, or minister of a king or other high nobleman.

The king's chancellor in England during the Middle Ages was given a variety of duties, including drawing up writs that permitted the initiation of a lawsuit in one of the common-law courts and deciding disputes in a way that gave birth to the system of law called Equity. His governmental department was called the Chancery.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer in England is like the secretary of the U.S. treasury, but in former times he also presided over a court called the Court of Exchequer, which at first heard disputes over money owed to the king but eventually heard a wide variety of cases involving money. This jurisdiction was founded on the theory that a creditor who could not collect a debt would later be less able to pay whatever he owed to the king.

Chancellor has also been used as the title for a judge who sits in a court of equity, for the president of a university, or for the public official in charge of higher education in some states.

chancellor

n. from the old English legal system, a chancellor is a judge who sits in what is called a chancery (equity) court with the power to order something be done (as distinguished from just paying damages.) Almost all states now combine chancery (equity) functions and law in the same courts. (See: equity)

Chancellor

see LORD CHANCELLOR.

CHANCELLOR. An officer appointed to preside over a court of chancery, invested with various powers in the several states.
     2. The office of chancellor is of Roman origin. He appears, at first, to have been a chief scribe or secretary, but he was afterwards invested with judicial power, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Romans, the title and office passed to the church, and therefore every bishop of the catholic church has, to this day, his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. When the modern kingdoms of Europe were established upon the ruins of the empire, almost every state preserved its chancellor, with different jurisdictions and dignities, according to their different constitutions. In all he seems to have had a supervision of all charters, letters, and such other public instruments of the crown, as were authenticated in the most solemn manner; and when seals came into use, he had the custody of the public seal.
     3. An officer bearing this title is to be found in most countries of Europe, and is generally invested with extensive authority. The title and office of chancellor came to us from England. Many of our state constitutions provide for the appointment of this officer, who is by them, and by the law of the several states, invested with power as they provide. Vide Encyclopedie, b. t.; Encycl.. Amer. h.t.; Dict. de Jur. h.t.; Merl. Rep. h.t.; 4 Vin. Ab. 374; Blake's Ch. Index, h.t.; Woodes. Lect. 95.

References in periodicals archive ?
We are very pleased that Deputy Chancellor Henderson has agreed to join the esteemed speakers at The Education Project 2010 in Bahrain," said Shaikh Mohammed bin Essa Al Khalifa, Chief Executive of the EDB.
Mahroos Bin Ahmed Gabban, deputy chancellor of Taibah University for Development and Quality, said the agreement will bridge the gap between universities and the local labor market .
Eurozone countries are split on the way forward, with Germany's deputy chancellor Sigmar Gabriel saying fresh negotiations with Greece were "difficult to imagine".
country's deputy chancellor, said that, although the trade agreement
Deputy Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel declared that although the contents of the letter are not satisfying, it could, nevertheless, be used as a starting point for negotiations.
If Greece wants to deviate from some of these measures, it must bear the cost itself rather than exporting this to other European countries via a haircut or other such ideas," Gabriel, who is also deputy chancellor and leader of the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD), told a news conference.
by Mahbob Shah Mahbob on 14 April, 2014 - 10:22 JALALABAD (Pajhwok): The deputy chancellor of a private Aryana University was killed by unidentified gunmen in eastern Nangarhar province on Monday, an official said.
EAAM uses a student-centered system of teaching and learning, designed to meet each child where they are, explains Mary Esselman, deputy chancellor for instructional support and educational accountability.
Austrian Deputy Chancellor and Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger issued a statement on the Austrian Foreign Ministry website in which he said that his country will support the OPCW activities in dismantling chemical weapons, stressing the importance of making the entire Middle East free of WMDs, which will help establish security and stability in the region.
Skanska's project team ceremoniously joined New York City Department of Education Deputy Chancellor Kathleen Grimm, New York City School Construction Authority CEO and president Lorraine Grillo, Representative Carolyn Maloney, and school faculty at the ribbon cutting to welcome students to their newly built facility.
Regents deputy chancellor Brett Visger said all of the two- and four-year public colleges in Ohio are participating in the program.
Austrian chancellor Werner Faymann and deputy chancellor Michael Spindelegger said that the nation was ready 'to participate constructively' in negotiations between the European Union (EU) and third states on an automatic exchange of banking information.

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