Distributive justice


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DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE. That virtue, whose object it is to distribute rewards and punishments to every one according to his merits or demerits. Tr. of Eq. 3; Lepage, El. du Dr. ch. 1, art. 3, Sec. 2 1 Toull. n. 7, note. See Justice.

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The end and goal of letters- I am not speaking now of divine letters, the aim of which is to raise and direct the soul to Heaven; for with an end so infinite no other can be compared- I speak of human letters, the end of which is to establish distributive justice, give to every man that which is his, and see and take care that good laws are observed: an end undoubtedly noble, lofty, and deserving of high praise, but not such as should be given to that sought by arms, which have for their end and object peace, the greatest boon that men can desire in this life.
The dimensions of OJ are commonly conceptualized as distributive justice i.
Within the libertarian theory of distributive justice he prefers, distributions may--and often will--be unequal, but that inequality is just--and often desirable--when it results from basic principles of acquisition and transfer.
Georges Enderle makes the strong claim that the option for the poor and business ethics need each other, and his detailed tables and statistics prove that the global economic system should be reexamined in light of principles of distributive justice (44).
Aquinas proceeded to combine four elements that he drew entirely from Aristotle and Augustine: Aristotle's theories of (1) production (mostly from the Politics) and (2) of justice in exchange (from the Nicomachean Ethics); (3) Augustine's theory of utility (from the City of God) that Aquinas substituted for Aristotle's sketchy remarks on chreia or need; and (4) a theory of distribution properly so-called, consisting at the personal level of Augustine's theory of personal gifts (and their opposite, crimes) and in every social community such as a family or government of Aristotle's theory of distributive justice.
It is true that distributive justice is not prominent there, because the best constitution will successfully educate its citizens for virtue, and so they will all alternate in ruling equally.
The study of organizational justice made a shift from distributive justice to the processes followed for the allocation of the resources (Thibaut, Walker 1975).
According to medical ethics, Syman is bound by four considerations: the principle to do no harm, to try to do good, to do what he believes the client or patient would have wanted, and to consider distributive justice.
The authors consider oppression and its consequences and proposed remedies, including definitions of key concepts, biological and psychosocial factors in dominance, the phenomenon of privilege, the treatment of marginalized populations in the US through specific ideologies, economic oppression and distributive justice and poverty, and models and principles of policy analysis.
Findings show that the negative effects of low compensation parity on outcome variables, namely, evaluation of and knowledge sharing with expatriates, as well as job satisfaction and intention to quit, were fully mediated by distributive justice based on a comparison with expatriates.
and Ruderman, M (1987): "The Role of Procedural and Distributive Justice in Organizational Behavior," Social Justice Research, Vol.