office

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office

noun appointment, assigned task, berth, billet, bureau, business, capacity, charge, duty, employment, function, incumbency, job, munus, occupation, officium, partes, place of business, place of employment, position, post, profession, role, service, situation, station, trade, trust, work, work place
Associated concepts: impeachment from public office, malfeasance in office, misconduct in office, misfeasance in office, neglect of duty, nonfeasance in office, removal from office, vacancy in office
Foreign phrases: Officium nemini debet esse damnosum.An office ought to be injurious to no one. Nemo duobus utatur officiis. No one should hold two offices at the same time. Officia judicialia non concedantur antequam vaaent. Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed beeore they become vacant.
See also: agency, appointment, bureau, business, calling, career, chamber, chapter, commission, duty, employment, firm, function, mission, obligation, occupation, organ, position, post, profession, province, pursuit, sphere, title, trade, work

OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
To define this philosophy Auden re-shapes the age-old material of the Divine Office which, in the course of a single day, represents the events of sacred history in the eternal now of liturgical anamnesis.
53) The small bell depicted in Raphael's painting is apparently a nola (a handbell or table-bell), which was rung in the choir where priests gather to pray the divine office.
The Divine Office, also known as the Liturgy of the Hours, is called the official prayer of the church.
The Divine Office is also filled with the writings of many saints.
Jean de Vepria, former prior of Clairvaux, wrote to Jeanne, "now it is time that you show your daughters what you have learned previously, as much with good example of religious conversation as by going to church for the Divine Office, and the dormitory and refectory with the others.
The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages: Methodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography.
He began his day praying privately his Breviary, the shortened (abbreviated) version of the Divine Office sung by the monks.
For this remarkable woman, the Spirit was both music and musician, a timbrel player who inspired the chant of the Benedictine Divine Office that she so loved (after the model of the angelic choirs eternally dedicated to singing God's praises).
The "hours" referred to in the title of the book are the hours of the Divine Office of the Church, which hours are here used as chapter headings.
Sulpitius's in Diest, delighted in fishing, hunting, merchandizing, drinking, and gambling more than in singing the divine office with his fellow canons.
From the same set of choir books, John Stinson presents an edition of the largely unpublished text and music for the Divine Office.