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YEAR. The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the accompanying changes in the order of nature, are completed.
     2. The civil year differs from the astronomical, the latter being composed of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 seconds and a fraction, while the former consists, sometimes of three hundred and sixty-five days, and at others, in leap years, of three hundred and sixty-six days.
     3. The year is divided into half-year which consists, according to Co. Litt. 135 b, of 182 days; and quarter of a year, which consists of 91 days, Ibid. and 2 Roll. Ab. 521, 1. 40. It is further divided into twelve months.
     4. The civil year commences immediately after twelve o'clock at night of the thirty-first day of December, that is the first moment of the first day of January, and ends at midnight of the thirty-first day of December, twelve mouths thereafter. Vide Com. Dig. Ann.; 2 Bl. Com. by Chitty, 140, n.; Chitt. Pr. Index tit. Time alteration of the calendar (q.v.) from old to new style in England, (see Bissextile,) and the colonies of that country in America, the year in chronological reckoning was supposed to commence with the first day of January, although the legal year did not commence until March 25th, the intermediate time being doubly indicated: thus February 15, 1724, and so on. This mode of reckoning was altered by the statute 24 Geo. II. cap. 23, which gave rise to an act of assembly of Pennsylvania, passed March 11, 1752; 1 Sm. Laws, 217, conforming thereto, and also to the repeal of the act of 1710.
     5. In New York it is enacted that whenever the term "year" or "years" is or shall be used in any statute, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, the year intended shall be taken to consist of three hundred and sixty-five days; half a year of a hundred and eighty-two days; and a quarter of a year of ninety-two days; and the day of a leap year, and the day immediately preceding, if they shall occur in any period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together as one day. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, t. 1, Sec. 3.

References in periodicals archive ?
Our observance of Earth Year was in part a way to honor our beloved colleague David Rhoads as he prepared to retire from full-time teaching.
WWF announced Earth Year 2009 as the first "global election" pitting between global warming against a sustainable Earth.
The planet spins so slowly that a day on the planet is longer than one Earth year
Terrified or not, Paddy Power is boldly going where no bookmaker has gone before and running a book on extra-terrestrial life being proven to exist in a particular Earth year.
If the star, known as R136a1, took the place of the sun in our solar system, its gravitational attraction would pull our planet in so close that the length of an Earth year would shrink to three weeks.
Methane is a fragile compound, and the variations in its concentration indicate that methane in the Martian atmosphere lasts for less than one Earth year and is constantly being replenished, Mumma says.
It will go into orbit around Mars in September 2014, and, after a one-month check-out period, will make measurements from orbit for one Earth year.
It was launched on November 1, 1994 and continues to operate in orbit around the L-1 libration point about one one-hundredth of the way from the Earth to the Sun, where the gravitational pull of the Earth and Sun and centrifugal force balance in such a way as to give an orbit of exactly one Earth year.
NASA's $286 million MESSENGER (Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging) spacecraft would examine Mercury's atmosphere and entire surface for 1 Earth year with a suite of detectors including cameras, spectrometers, and a magnetometer.
During one Earth year (four Mercury years), MESSENGER will provide the first images of the entire planet.
For Chinese women holding a strog commitment to traditional beliefs, those who were born in an earth year and developed cancer died 3.