Ecclesiastical Courts


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Ecclesiastical Courts

In England, the collective classification of particular courts that exercised jurisdiction primarily over spiritual matters. A system of courts, held by authority granted by the sovereign, that assumed jurisdiction over matters concerning the ritual and religion of the established church, and over the rights, obligations, and discipline of the clergy.

ECCLESIASTICAL COURTS. English law. Courts held by the king's authority as supreme governor of the church, for matters which chiefly concern religion.
     2. There are ten courts which may be ranged under this class. 1. The Archdeacon's Court. 2. The Consistory Court. 3. The Court of Arches. 4. The Court of Peculiars. 5. The Prerogative Court. 6. The Court of Delegates, which is the great court of appeals in all ecclesiastical causes. 7. The Court of Convocation. 8. The Court of Audience. 9. The Court of Faculties. 10. The Court of Commissioners of Review.

References in periodicals archive ?
Even if Justice Daniel were correct that in England, cases involving marriage, divorce, and alimony belonged exclusively to the ecclesiastical courts, (207) the early American colonies did not have ecclesiastical courts, so the ordinary colonial law and equity courts absorbed that jurisdiction.
Both civil courts and ecclesiastical courts sanctioned "separation from bed and board," that is a legal separation, but civil courts had no authority to terminate a marriage, and ecclesiastical courts refused to do so (Blackstone 428); therefore, separated spouses remained legally wed, and neither man nor wife could remarry.
Marriage customs in late medieval and early modern Italy have attracted increasing scholarly interest in the last ten years with the work of Joanne Ferraro on marital conflicts in Venice, Giovanni Romeo on efforts to end concubinage in Naples, and a series of collections edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni on matrimony viewed through the lens of the ecclesiastical courts.
The state courts of Florida are not ecclesiastical courts, and the entanglement of religious doctrine in a criminal trial is the kind of breach of church-state separation that not only prejudices the defendant but also injures the interests of the diverse religious communities that thrive in our society in part by virtue of their independence from the operations of the state.
Indeed, as Gerber is not considering marriage as a sacrament but as a civil union under state-based laws, he has little to say about the ecclesiastical courts, which gives the work a one-sided slant.
The status of such an administrative cleric, whose life and livelihood depended on patronage and was spent largely in service in lay or ecclesiastical courts that increasingly needed masters of the written word, was as yet incompletely and unsatisfactorily defined in comparison with those of monk, bishop, or canon regular.
It will not intervene in cases awaiting decisions from civil or ecclesiastical courts," the notice said.
The exceptions are those who defy church policy and force the issue into ecclesiastical courts.
uk/probate "Wills which were proved in the Welsh ecclesiastical courts before the introduction of Civil Probate on 11 January, 1858 have long been deposited at the National Library of Wales.
Archbishop Peers also notes a rise in "litigiousness," or bishops being summoned in both secular and ecclesiastical courts for various matters, the extent of which was "unknown in previous generations.
Brundage is primarily interested in the period 1150-1250, when the practice of canon law in the ecclesiastical courts became a full fledged profession.
Paul's) by tracing the connections between music and drama in the City, and concludes with information on documents of control issued by the diocese of London and evidenced by the ecclesiastical courts.