The Prime Mover, as First Cause, is not therefore an efficient cause
Scotus will also identify the intellect's object with the efficient cause
of actions, but not absolutely.
Also, in some widely cited versions of realist theory, formal causes are confused with efficient causes
In the emanation theory God is the efficient cause
('illa fa'il) of the word; He gives the existence of the first celestial intellect and indirectly of the others.
So with the next sentence we have the same web (final) presented as the goal of the efficient cause
(formation process), which is a classic misreading of the relation between the two.
Technological Determinism spotlights connection, figure, efficient cause
, logic, pushes aside awareness of ground, formal cause, analogic reasoning (and empiricism), retrieves determinism, robotism, coercion, and, if driven to an extreme, flips into paranoia, denial.
20) The natural reading of this summary line is that aside from the efficient cause
which causes the movement from potentiality into actuality--a clear reference to the craftsman--no other cause is needed to account for unity.
Second, if intellect is the formal, final, and efficient cause
of a man qua rational, then what is his material cause qua rational?
The articles from the Summa that he translates and introduces here explore theology as a science in itself, theology in relation to the other sciences, the final causes of theology, the author or efficient cause
of theology, and the authority of sacred scripture.
Whereas the "Causal" theory designates a certain psychological feature as the efficient cause
of intentional actions, the Anscombean view holds that the relevant factor is the formal cause of the action.
Benedict Ashley and Albert Moraczewski, studying Aquinas' embryological principles, maintain that "it is the nucleus of the zygote produced by the fertilization of the human ovum by a human sperm" that is the formal and efficient cause
of developing human entity ("Cloning, Aquinas, and the Embryonic Person," National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly, Summer 2001).
Moreover, the Calvinist accusation that the Catholic doctrine of ex opera operato is magical and Deistic is founded on a misconstrual of Catholic teaching: the principle of ex opera operato expresses the instrumental causality of the sacramental rite, but the efficient cause
remains the Holy Spirt.