Ejusdem generis


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ejusdem generis

(eh-youse-dem generous) adj. Latin for "of the same kind," used to interpret loosely written statutes. Where a law lists specific classes of persons or things and then refers to them in general, the general statements only apply to the same kind of persons or things specifically listed. Example: if a law refers to automobiles, trucks, tractors, motorcycles and other motor-powered vehicles, "vehicles" would not include airplanes, since the list was of land-based transportation.

EJUSDEM GENERIS. Of the same kind.
     2. In the construction of laws, wills and other instruments, when certain things are enumerated, and then a phrase is used which might be construed to include other things, it is generally confined to things ejusdem generas; as, where an act (9 Ann. C. 20) provided that a writ of quo warranto might issue against persons who should usurp "the offices of mayors, bailiffs, port reeves, and other offices, within the cities, towns, corporate boroughs, and places, within Great Britain," &c.; it was held that "other offices" meant offices ejusdem generis; and that the word "places" signified places of the same kind; that is, that the offices must be corporate offices, and the places must be corporate Places. 5 T. R. 375,379; 5 B. & C. 640; 8 D. & Ry. 393; 1 B. & C. 237.
     3. So, in the construction of wills, when certain articles are enumerated, the terra goods is to be restricted to those ejusdem generis. Bac. Ab. Legacies, B; 3 Rand. 191; 3 Atk. 61; Abr. Eq. 201; 2 Atk. 113.

References in periodicals archive ?
noscitur a sociis (associated words canon) and ejusdem generis (residual
and ejusdem generis, where general words follow specific words in a
Specifically, ejusdem generis and the canon of harmonious interpretation counsel in favor of narrowly defining "object" and "official proceeding.
22) The manual explains that the inclusion of "but is not limited to" in a list is redundant "because ejusdem generis relates only to the kind or class of persons or things that are unspecified and does not preclude the inclusion of other unspecified persons or things.
the word "vehicle" includes only conveyances that travel on the ground; that an airplane is not a vehicle but a ship; and that, under the doctrine of ejusdem generis, the phrase "any other self-propelled vehicle" cannot be construed to include an airplane.
On appeal, the 10th Circuit affirmed the conviction, rejecting McBoyle's contention that "the word 'vehicle' includes only conveyances that travel on the ground; that an airplane is not a vehicle but a ship; and that, under the doctrine of ejusdem generis, the phrase 'any other self-propelled vehicle' cannot be construed to include an airplane.
123) Ejusdem generis is a variation on the maxim noscitur a sociis, meaning "of the same kind.
This is usually described as the ejusdem generis doctrine.
By comparison, 47% of rule drafters responded that they knew ejusdem generis by name.
They expressly follow the treaty's phrase "such as" and are therefore clearly "mentioned rather for example than by way of exclusion" (7)--a circumstance known to obviate application of a rigid ejusdem generis doctrine.