The emergent property
is a tenet of the theory, and has not yet been empirically established.
First, classifying a concern as relating to an emergent property
does not rely on a judicial assessment of policy efficaciousness in striking a balance between federal and provincial responsibilities.
Teddy understood climate was an emergent property
of life's interactions with the Earth's surface and that climate predictions based on purely physical parameters and disregarding life as a dynamic factor in forming and tempering climate, would largely underestimate the changes caused through greenhouse gas emissions and global warming.
Holists believe that the wholeness and emergent property
of a higher level cannot be the sum of the roles of its components, because it has downward causal roles on its lower level components, that is, causality is open to all levels (Popper, 1982, pp.
For example, it is difficult to determine whether Romey's (1996) model provides the same amount of polarization as Huth and Wissel's (1992), because the former did not report that particular emergent property
Human cognitive evolution is an emergent property
, not something that comes on as a light, switch 40,000 years ago," he says.
In any case, legitimacy of the idea of leadership is essential, and it makes sense to consider such legitimacy as an emergent property
of the public as a whole.
In other words, the composite has at least one emergent property
that interests us; that is, a property not possessed by any of its component parts:
The global behavior--order of communication among the pieces, total resources used, and so forth--is an emergent property
of the interconnections.
An emergent property
of a nonlinear living system may be expressed by the behavior of the elements of a system in interaction with one another and the environment, but it is not a property of any individual element and it cannot be explained as a summation of the properties of those elements.
In a similar fashion, Krugman shows that production location can be an emergent property
in a model where transport costs serve as the catalyzing agent.
To get a rough and ready handle on this notion, let us momentarily put to one side the status of an emergent property
and instead broaden our focus to consider the implications of a certain way of looking at the ontology of properties more generally.