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37) Aristomachos in Xenophon is of course not a tyrant and Hippothoos does not win public praise with his murder, but most of the other elements--the mutually faithful pederastic couple, intrusion of a baser rival erastes, the revenge of the true erastes and the attempted rescue of the eromenos--are reproduced.
For if we assimilate Hippothoos to the popular American conceptual category of the homosexual, he might look like an incomplete male, an emasculated deviant, but the same figure would appear under a radically different light in the ancient Greek context, where a strict differentiation is maintained between the active erastes and the passive eromenos.
The masculinity of the erastes is an entirely different matter.
Continuation of the erotic relationship into the adulthood of the beloved would have been stigmatized as a perverse act, while the maturation of the boy and his inevitable marriage with a woman was a prospect thought to cause anguish to the erastes, as can be seen in Pisias' violent reaction in Plutarch's Erotikos (749 E-F; 752 B-C) as well as Kleinias' verbose complaint in Achilles Tatius (1,7,4-1,8,8).
The setting of Xenophon's Symposium is a dinner party given by an erastes, the rich Callias, to which he has invited his desired eromenos, the young boy Autolycus, and the boy's father, Lycon.
According to Dover, Pausanias "has a strong personal reason" for regarding a long-lasting relationship as superior, for he himself is "represented by Plato as erastes of Agathon when the latter was about eighteen, and as remaining so more than a dozen years later," p.
Such music is an agent of control, of initiation into citizenship--the instrument of an erastes that pacifies (literally making passive) both men and other gods, turning them into eromenoi.
A late papyrus fragment, probably recording material from the 3rd or 2nd century BCE, reports the rumor that she was called a gunaikerastria (a female erastes of women).
Consequently, their relationship has a pedagogical dimension as Eugen assumes the role of erastes (lover) and attempts to educate his eromenos (beloved) in order to make him a more suitable partner.