the first of the EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, formed in 1951 as a result of the Treaty of Paris. It regulated the production of coal and steel among the Member States (who were then only six). Apart from the economic significance of these commodities, the common control and exchange of information involved made it ever less likely that France and Germany would go to war once again. The institutions merged with those of the EURATOM community and the EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY itself as a result of the merger treaty. Then, as the ECSC was established for 50 years, it expired on 23 July 2002.