European Parliament

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European Parliament

the democratic assembly of the EUROPEAN UNION. Members are directly elected and are known as Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). They are elected by proportional representation, and the term is for five years. The Parliament exercises an advisory and supervisory role. It has some influence as a result of the Budgetary Treaty of 1970, and the Single European Act gave it added influence by extending the CODECISION PROCEDURE. The COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION must reply to Members' questions, and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION has agreed to do so also. An elephant gun of control, existing in the power to pass a motion of censure on the Commission that, if passed, would force the Commission to resign, has been used once and improves the Parliament's influence over this body. Such a motion can be passed only after substantial procedural hurdles have been cleared. Parliament's budgetary powers allow it to modify obligatory expenditure under the Treaty and allow it to amend non-obligatory expenditure within a maximum set by the Commission. It must adopt the budget, and in 1979 exercised its power to reject it for important reasons, acting by a majority of members and two-thirds of the votes cast. Since the inter-institutional agreement of 1 July 1988, arrangements have been made to prevent the disruption that such action can have on Community finances. Along with the EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS, the Parliament supervises the implementation of the budget. The Parliament has standing to institute action in the COURT OF JUSTICE against the Commission or the Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
The European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs issued a report rejecting the legislative draft, questioning the bill's legality, and noting the difficulties associated with analyzing such large amounts of data in criminal investigations.
With her brunette looks and name, Irina could be southern or eastern European, while her bland assertions about the right of all citizens to clean water are neither Christian-Democrat right nor Socialist left (which, along with the Green Party, comprise most of the European Parliament's members).
Boroujerdi's remarks came in reaction to a draft resolution adopted against Iran in the European Parliament's recent meeting in Brussels.
Strasbourg, France--The European Parliament's plenary assembly rejected any reference to the continent's "Judeo-Christian" roots in the draft text of the European Constitution.
Ayatollah Movahedi Kermani's remarks came in reaction to a draft resolution adopted against Iran in the European Parliament's recent meeting in Brussels.
The vote by the European Parliament's leading committee is a strong signal for Europe.
In 1987, the European Parliament's powers were limited and co-decision did not exist.
The visit to Tehran by the European Parliament's delegation was postponed to another time," Mehman-Parast told FNA on Sunday.
Five Polish MEPs in the European Parliament's ALDE Group (Bronis aw Geremek, Jan Ku akowski, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Pawe Piskorski and Grazyna Staniszewska) published a statement on 19 February in protest against the publication by the non-attached Polish MEP, Maciej Giertych, of a booklet entitled Civilisations at War in Europe,' which is considered to be anti-Semitic.
The European Parliament and the Parliament of Finland have on the initiative of the European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control decided to organise a "Joint Committee Meeting" on the role of budgetary control committees in national parliaments with regard to the control of the Community budget to be held with the chairmen of committees of national parliaments' budgetary control committees within the Union and Romania and Bulgaria, responsible for budgetary control.
The text was adopted by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on September 11, and will be incorporated in the general enlargement report being drafted by the Foreign Affairs Committee.

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