ex rel.


Also found in: Wikipedia.

ex rel.

conj. abbreviation for Latin ex relatione, meaning "upon being related" or "upon information," used in the title of a legal proceeding filed by a state attorney general (or the federal Department of Justice) on behalf of the government, on the instigation of a private person, who needs the state to enforce the rights of himself/herself and the public. For example, the caption would read: The State of Tennessee ex rel. Archie Johnson v. Hardy Products.

References in periodicals archive ?
The district court rejected the relator's contention, and the Fourth Circuit recently affirmed in United States ex rel.
The investigation stemmed from two qui tam actions, United States ex rel.
The seminal case applying the FCA's Tax Bar is United States ex rel.
2014) (en banc), modified (May 27, 2014); State ex rel.
2) Less than one month later, in September, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States set Docket Number 13-628, Zivotofsky ex rel.
Bauer argued that this statement from United States ex rel.
What distinguishes a case like Reich from a case like Rattigan--or from an even more analogous case like ex rel.
War Stories: A History of the Qui Tam Provisions of the False Claims Act, the 1986 Amendments to the False Claims Act, and Their Application in the United States ex rel.
291, 300 (2006) (holding that expert fees are not recoverable costs for prevailing parents under the IDEA'S fee-shifting provision); see also Schaffer ex rel.